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Kunenepa kwambiri kwazakudya ku US tsopano kwakhala vuto lapadziko lonse lapansi

Mtengo wa MCDQ
Mtengo wa MCDQ
Written by mkonzi

Sangalalani ndi moyo wathu wongokhala, sakanizani zakudya zachangu zaku America komanso zaulimi zokayikitsa, onjezani kuchuluka kwamakampani ndipo muli ndi njira yopezera kunenepa kwambiri.

Sangalalani ndi moyo wathu wongokhala, sakanizani zakudya zachangu zaku America komanso zaulimi wokayikitsa, onjezani kuchuluka kwamakampani ndipo muli ndi njira yopezera kunenepa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Kuchokera ku Mexico kupita ku Qatar, ziwopsezo za kunenepa kwambiri zikukwera kwambiri kuposa kale. Mchitidwe wowopsawu ukuwononga ntchito zachuma, komanso thanzi la ogula mamiliyoni ambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Lipoti lomwe bungwe la United Nations latulutsa kumene lonena za kadyedwe kabwino padziko lonse silichititsa kuti anthu aziwerenga mosangalala kwambiri: Pakati pa chuma cha padziko lonse chomwe chikusokonekera kale, zoona zake za dziko lonenepa zikutsika ndi kuchuluka kwa zokolola zapadziko lonse pamene zikuwonjezera ndalama za inshuwaransi yaumoyo kufika pa $3.5 thililiyoni pachaka. - kapena 5 peresenti yazinthu zonse zapadziko lonse lapansi (GDP).

31.8 peresenti ya akuluakulu aku US tsopano amaonedwa kuti ndi onenepa kwambiri. Ichi ndi chiwerengero chodabwitsa, makamaka poganizira kuti pafupifupi kawiri kuchuluka kwa kunenepa kwambiri kwa US komwe kunalembedwa mu 1995, malinga ndi deta yochokera ku Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Munthu amaonedwa kuti ndi onenepa kwambiri pamene thupi lawo misa index (BMI), muyeso wopezedwa mwa kugawa kulemera kwa munthu mu kilogalamu ndi lalikulu la kutalika kwa munthu m'mamita, umaposa 30 kg/m2, malinga ndi World Health Organisation.

Pakadali pano, mayiko ambiri padziko lonse lapansi akukumana ndi vuto lakugwiritsa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Mwachitsanzo, dziko la Mexico langoposa chiwerengero cha anthu onenepa kwambiri ku US ndipo pafupifupi 32.8 peresenti ya anthu akuluakulu aku Mexico omwe tsopano amaonedwa kuti ndi onenepa kwambiri.

Zolemera zomwe sizinachitikepo ku Mexico, komabe, komanso mayiko ena ambiri, zikuwoneka kuti sizinangochitika mwangozi.

Kutsatira ndimeyi ya North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Mexico idakhala malo otayirapo zakudya zotsika mtengo komanso zakumwa za carbonated, malinga ndi lipoti la Foreign Policy.

Chifukwa cha NAFTA, panali chiwonjezeko chopitilira 1,200 cha kuchuluka kwa madzi a chimanga a fructose kuchokera ku US kupita ku Mexico pakati pa 1996 ndi 2012, malinga ndi US Agriculture department. Pofuna kuyika kapu pa zakumwa zoledzeretsa, akuluakulu a ku Mexico adapereka msonkho pa zakumwa zomwe zili ndi madzi a chimanga a fructose. Komabe, oyenga chimanga a ku America analira kwambiri ndipo msonkhowo unavoteredwa ndi World Trade Organization.

Anthu a ku Mexico tsopano amadya magaloni 43 a soda pachaka, zomwe zimapangitsa dzikolo kukhala ndi mlingo wapamwamba kwambiri wa soda padziko lonse, malinga ndi zomwe bungwe la National Statistics linanena ku Mexico.

Chinanso chokhumudwitsa panjira ya kunenepa kwambiri ndi Qatar yaying'ono, dziko lachiarabu lolemera mafuta la anthu 250,000 lomwe lilinso ndi zakudya zofulumira.

Malinga ndi lipoti la 2012 la Policymic.com, "Monga anthu ambiri a ku Arab Gulf, (Qataris) ankakhala m'chipululu choncho anali otanganidwa kwambiri. "Tsopano, magalimoto alowa m'malo mwa ngamila ndipo zakudya zofulumira komanso zobweretsera kunyumba zimatenga malo ophikira kunyumba. Ngakhale ntchito zapakhomo ndi kulera ana zimasiyidwa kwa azidzakazi ndi olera.”

Masiku ano, pafupifupi 45 peresenti ya akuluakulu aku Qatar ndi onenepa kwambiri ndipo mpaka 40 peresenti ya ana asukulu nawonso ali onenepa kwambiri.
Mwezi watha, akatswiri azakudya padziko lonse lapansi adagawana malingaliro awo pamsonkhano wa kunenepa kwambiri komanso zakudya zopatsa thanzi ku Sydney. Kwa ambiri mwa opezekapo, chomwe chimayambitsa vuto la kunenepa kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndi mphamvu zamabizinesi, pomwe msika waulere umasankha chilichonse.

Kukula kwa malo ogulitsa zakudya zachangu padziko lonse lapansi kwasintha kwambiri chilengedwe chathu chomwe chimatsogolera ku zakudya zonenepa komanso anthu onenepa, Bruce Neal, pulofesa ku George Institute for Global Health ku Sydney, adauza Indo-Asian News Service.

"Mwachangu tikamachotsa zoyambitsa matenda athu onse - matenda, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono, nsikidzi - tikusintha ndikuyambitsa matenda atsopano, omwe ndi mabungwe akuluakulu amayiko, mayiko, mayiko akugulitsa mchere wambiri, mafuta ndi mchere wambiri. shuga," adatero Neal.

John Norris, polemba mu Foreign Policy, anafotokoza zina mwa zochitika zapadziko lonse zomwe zinayambitsa mliri wotchedwa "globesity", kuphatikizapo kusuntha kwa makampani a zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi kugwiritsa ntchito madzi a chimanga otsika mtengo a fructose m'malo mwa shuga m'zinthu zawo zambiri.

"Mwadzidzidzi, zinali zotsika mtengo kuyika madzi a chimanga a fructose m'chilichonse kuyambira msuzi wa spaghetti mpaka soda. Coke ndi Pepsi adasinthanitsa shuga ndi madzi a chimanga a fructose mu 1984, ndipo makampani ena ambiri a soda ndi zokhwasula-khwasula aku US adatsata zomwezo, "adalemba Norris. "Ku US pa munthu aliyense kumwa madzi a chimanga a fructose kunakwera kuchokera kuchepera theka la paundi pachaka mu 1970 kufika pachimake cha pafupifupi mapaundi 38 pachaka mu 1999."

Ngakhale kuti ena angayesedwe kupeputsa zotsatirapo zoipa za chowonjezera chopanda vuto choterocho, ofufuza a ku Canada University of Guelph, monga momwe Norris ananenera, anapeza kuti chakudya cha chimanga cha fructose chambiri cha makoswe chimatulutsa “khalidwe loloŵerera lofanana ndi la cocaine. kugwiritsa ntchito."

Anthu aku America, chifukwa china cha pulogalamu ya Mayi Woyamba Michele Obama ya 'Let's Move', posachedwapa adzidzimuka ndi kusakhazikika kwa njira zawo za soda komanso zakudya zofulumira. Andale ena ndi omenyera ufulu nawonso adawunikiranso mkanganowo, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti malo ogulitsa chakudya chachangu asakhale omasuka monga kale.

M'mwezi wa Marichi, Meya wa mzinda wa New York a Michael Bloomberg adakopa chidwi chamakampani opanga zakumwa zozizilitsa kukhosi pomwe adaletsa kugulitsa ma sodas akulu akulu kuposa ma 16 ounces. Ophwanya malamulo adzalandira chindapusa cha $200.

Mu 2004 filimu yake yolembedwa, "Super Size Me," Morgan Spurlock adadabwitsa anthu potsata momwe thupi lake limakhudzira thupi lake - palibe chabwino - atadya kalikonse koma chakudya cha McDonald kwa masiku 30. Chifukwa cha kuyesako, Spurlock adapeza 24½ lbs. (11.1 kg), 13% kuchuluka kwa thupi, ndi cholesterol 230, pakati pa zoyipa zina.

Mwinanso kudzutsidwa kwakukulu kwamakampani azakudya mwachangu kudabwera mu 2002 pomwe achinyamata awiri adadzudzula a McDonald's kuti amatsatsa mwachinyengo menyu kuyambira 1985 mpaka 2002, zomwe zidawapangitsa kuti azinenepa. Woweruzayo adathetsa mlanduwu mu 2010, koma uthenga kwa makampaniwo unali womveka bwino.

Chifukwa cha izi ndi zina zodziwitsa anthu, makampani opanga zakudya zachangu ku America - ngakhale akuyenda pang'onopang'ono kuposa momwe ena angakonde - akhala akulembanso pang'onopang'ono mindandanda yazakudya ndi zotsatsa, zambiri zomwe zimayang'ana ana.
Panthawi imodzimodziyo, makampani opanga zakudya zopanda thanzi - akuwona kusintha kwa malingaliro a nyanja ku United States monga momwe chakudya chopanda thanzi chikuwonekera - akugulitsa ndalama zambiri m'misika yakunja kumene kuzindikira kwa anthu za nkhaniyi sikunapangidwe.

Mofanana ndi kugwa kwa malonda a fodya chakumapeto kwa zaka za m’ma 1990, makampani opanga zakudya zofulumira ku United States ali otanganitsidwa kukhazikitsa masitolo akunja kaamba ka misika yosavuta, yosalamulirika yogulitsira malonda awo.

Ukulu wa kupezeka kwawo ndi wochititsa kaso: “Coca-Cola ndi PepsiCo pamodzi amalamulira pafupifupi 40 peresenti ya msika wa zakumwa zoziziritsa kukhosi wa $532 biliyoni wapadziko lonse, malinga ndi kunena kwa Economist. Zogulitsa za soda, panthawiyi, zawonjezeka kuwirikiza kawiri pazaka zapitazi za 10, ndipo zambiri za kukula kumeneku zimayendetsedwa ndi misika yomwe ikukula. Otsatsa a McDonald adakhumudwitsidwa kuti kampaniyo idangopeza phindu la $ 1.4 biliyoni mgawo lachiwiri la 2013, atazolowera kupindula kwazaka ziwiri miyezi itatu iliyonse," malinga ndi lipoti la Foreign Policy.

Chifukwa chake, ngakhale kuti United States ikupeza njira zowongolera chakudya chachangu, zakumwa zozizilitsa kukhosi, ndikuchotsa mliri wa kunenepa kwambiri, nthawi yomweyo, ikukhazikitsa malamulo m'malo mwazogulitsa kunja kunja.

Tsopano funso ndilakuti, dziko lonse lapansi lidzaluma dzanja lomwe likudya?

Palibe ma tag apa positi.

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mkonzi

Mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNew ndi Linda Hohnholz. Amakhala ku eTN HQ ku Honolulu, Hawaii.

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