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Kupulumutsidwa Ndi Lumbiro: Sewero Lotchuka la Oberammergau Passion Play Yabwerera

Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi oberammergau.de
Written by Max Haberstroh

Pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri ndikudikirira komanso miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyeserera mwamphamvu, 42nd Oberammergau Passion Play idakhazikitsidwa koyamba pa Meyi 14, 2022.

Chiyembekezo - Kulimbana ndi Zovuta Zonse

Mu 1632 mkati mwa Nkhondo ya Zaka 1633, asilikali a Sweden olanda anabweretsa mliriwu kumunsi kwa mapiri a Alps ndipo pomalizira pake anakafika ku Oberammergau. "Mliri uli kutsogolo kwa chitseko, ndipo palibe amene akufuna kuti alowe - koma imfa ili kale," akutero wofukula manda mu sewero la Oberammergau 'The Plague'. Chidutswacho chimanena za XNUMX, akuchita nkhani yakumbuyo ya Passion Play, monga anthu okhala ku Oberammergau adalumbira kusewera Passion zaka khumi zilizonse, ngati apulumutsidwa ku Black Death. Patatha chaka chimodzi, mliriwo unayima, ndipo nzika za Oberammergau zinasunga lonjezo lawo.

Oberammergau ndi umodzi mwa midzi yokongola kwambiri ya Ammer Valley ku Bavaria, yomwe ili ndi nyumba zojambulidwa bwino ndi malo ochitiramo misonkhano ndi masitolo ogulitsa zaluso ndi zamisiri, kuphimba magalasi ndi zojambulajambula - chilichonse chopangidwa ndi manja modzipereka, inde, ndi 'chilakolako': Ojambula matabwa a m'mudzimo 'Herrgottschnitzer' ndi odziwika bwino, ndipo kamangidwe ka matchalitchi ndi nyumba zachifumu m'derali ndi nyimbo yodzaza ndi joie-de-vivre yowonetsedwa mu baroque ndi rococo.

Chimodzi mwa miyala yamtengo wapatali ya Oberammergau ndi 'Pilatushaus' (Nyumba ya Pilato), yomwe inamangidwa mu 1774 ndipo ili ndi zithunzi zokongola za chikhalidwe cha Bavaria-Austrian ('Lüftlmalereien').

Nyumbayo inatchedwa dzina lachifanizo cha 'Yesu anaweruzidwa ndi Pontiyo Pilato': Funso lachipongwe komanso losayankhidwa kwa Pilato lakuti “Choonadi n'chiyani?” mwina adavutitsa mkazi wake yemwe anali ndi zoopsa kwambiri kuposa iyeyo - komabe zakhala zili m'maganizo mwa omwe amakonza Passion Play, Bambo Christian Stückl makamaka, wotsogolera wosatopa wa Play.

Kupatula kufunafuna kwake mongoyerekeza, chowonadi nthawi zina chimangochokera ku mphamvu ya zenizeni.

Kuphulika kwa Covid-19 kuposa zaka ziwiri zapitazo ndi zotsatira zake zazikulu zinali - ndipo zikadali - choncho. Ndizowona kuti 'mliri', momwe umatchulidwira, udayambitsa kusintha. M'malo mwake, Covid-19 adayika kudalirana kwa mayiko ngati mayiko akumadzulo a demokalase adalimbikitsa kusintha kwa malonda pakuyesera kwakukulu: Kusintha kudabwera, koma osati momwe amafunira.

Ku Oberammergau kutsogolera Masewera Achiwonetsero timu idayenera kuyimitsa nyengo ya zisudzo ya 2020 - zomwe zidadabwitsa aliyense. Seweroli lidayimitsidwa ku 2022 - lingaliro lanzeru, ngakhale silinatanthauze kuti palibe chilimwe cha zisudzo kwa zaka ziwiri. Kuti mu 2014 bungwe la UNESCO lidalengeza kuti Passion Play ndi cholowa cha chikhalidwe chosaoneka chikanakhala choyenera kukumbukira, komabe kuwonjezera pa zododometsa zamaganizo, zofunikira zowoneka zimatsimikizira zomwe anthu amafuna pamoyo wawo, kutayika kwachuma ndi kusowa kwa ntchito. Kodi Passion Play sayenera kuchitidwa, pambuyo pake - komanso motsutsana ndi zovuta zonse?

Zachisoni komanso zokhumudwitsidwa, ochita zisudzo a Oberammergau adametedwanso tsitsi lawo lalitali, mahotela adayimitsidwa zipinda, ochita zisudzo adayika zovala zawo kuchipinda, ndipo aliyense adabwerera ku moyo wake wanthawi zonse. Zowona, pali kusiyana pakati pa Mliri wanthawiyo ndi Covid masiku ano, osatchulapo momwe anthu amaonera momwe angathanirane ndi tsokalo. Kusiyanaku sikunakhale kokulirapo: Kulira kosiyana kwa anthu kwa Mulungu ndi kusuntha mapemphero a chiyembekezo m'matchalitchi omwe anali odzaza ndi anthu pa mliri zaka 400 zapitazo, motsutsana ndi. 'encore'! 

Nthawi zasintha kuyambira zaka za zana la 17. Masiku ano malingaliro a Kumadzulo amadziwonetsera ngati akuwunikiridwa: Chipembedzo chimakayikiridwa kapena chasanduka ma parishi okhazikika, Tchalitchi chataya chikoka, ndipo zopempha za maboma ku mgwirizano zimakhalabe zapakamwa, pamene zonena za zisankho za Gallup zimapereka zifukwa zokwanira za kusagwira ntchito. Koma tsoka, ngakhale kukayikira, nthawi zambiri zotsutsana, ndipo nthawi zina chipwirikiti, panali zisankho zomangirira pa mliri. 'Mphamvu yodziwika bwino ya zowona' yadziwonetsanso kuti ndi yamphamvu kwambiri yosinthira anthu ku mikhalidwe yatsopano - komabe kuti tipitilize kukhala ndi moyo mwachidaliro komanso chiyembekezo chabwino - motsutsana ndizovuta zilizonse.

The Passion Play is Back - Anti-Semitism Yatha

Kaimidwe kameneka n’kofunika kwambiri, chifukwa panali nkhani zochititsa mantha zokhudza nkhondo imene inayambika ku Russia ku Ukraine, ndi mavuto ake onse. M’kachitidwe kameneka, Chilakolako cha Kristu chimasonyeza tsoka lenileni la mtundu wa anthu, monga momwe atsogoleri ena amawonekera kukhala aiŵala kuti kupha ndiko njira yolakwika kufunafuna chimwemwe.

Popeza ziwerengero zotsika zapangitsa kuti ziletso za Covid zichotsedwe, kulemekeza njira zodzitetezera kwapangitsa kuti anthu azikhala omasuka, zomwe zikutipangitsa kuti tisamaganize kuti mliri watha. Sizili choncho!

Komabe, Seweroli labwerera: Pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri ndikudikirira komanso miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyeserera mwamphamvu, 42nd Oberammergau Passion Play idayamba kuwonetsedwa pa Meyi 14, 2022, ndipo Christian Stückl ali wokondwa: "Tili ndi chikhumbo chosatha chobweretsa Chilakolako chathu. Sewerani siteji ndipo ndife olimbikitsidwa kwambiri. "

Zowonadi, zolimbikitsa zitha kumveka, ndipo kusintha kwa Sewero kumapereka matanthauzidwe atsopano: Kutengapo gawo ndikotseguka kwa okhalamo, kaya ndi mamembala a mipingo ya katolika kapena yachiprotestanti, Akhristu, Ayuda kapena Asilamu akumidzi. Mu 2015 Bambo Abdullah Kenan Karaca, nzika ya Oberammergau yokhala ndi mizu yaku Turkey, adakhala Mtsogoleri Wothandizira wa Passion Play ndipo adapatsidwa udindo wosewera Nikodemus, Myuda wamkulu. Udindo wa Yudasi nawonso ukukhudzidwa: Ikuseweredwa ndi wosewera yemwe adasamuka, Bambo Cengiz Görür.

Chifukwa cha Christian Stückl, kudana ndi Ayuda kunathetsedwa.

“Maganizo aakulu odana ndi Ayuda anali owonekera kale m’Chikristu choyambirira ku Ulaya, chiphunzitso chake chapakati chinenezo chakuti Ayuda ndiwo anali ndi liwongo la imfa ya Kristu. Inanyalanyaza mfundo yakuti anali Pontiyo Pilato wachiroma amene anaweruza kuti Khristu aphedwe.” Stückl akufotokoza zambiri zokhudza iyeyo: “Posachedwapa zinaonekeratu kwa gulu lathu lalikulu la Passion Play kuti mkangano suyenera kuyambika chifukwa chokakamizika. Gulu lathu lalikulu linathawira ku Israeli, kuyesera kuphunzira mwachindunji kuchokera ku Chiyuda. Pasakhale kukayikira: ku Oberammergau antisemitism ilibe malo, ngakhale mu Sewero kapena m'miyoyo ya ochita.

Chiyambi Chatsopano

Monga mu 1990, 2000 ndi 2010, kukonzanso Seweroli mu 2020 kumafuna kupititsa patsogolo seweroli m'njira zamakono. Zifukwa ndizosiyanasiyana: Omvera amasiku ano ndi osiyana, ndipo mafunso atsopano abwera. Aliyense amene akufuna kulimbikitsa kuzindikira za Kuvutika ndi Kuuka kwa Khristu, asalephere kuganizira zomwe anthu amaopa komanso ziyembekezo zawo. Chotero, kuchiza mazunzo ndi imfa ya Kristu kudzatsogolera lingaliro m’njira yochititsa chidwi ku lingaliro ndi mtsogolo mwa kukhalako kwa munthu. Kukhazikitsanso Sewero la Chisangalalo likufuna kumveketsa bwino mfundo zofunika za uthenga wa Yesu kwa alendo amasiku ano: okhulupirira, okhulupirira kuti kuli Mulungu kapena osakhulupirira kuti kuli Mulungu. "Ndikofunikira kuti titsimikize mfundo yakuti Yesu amapita kutali ndi anthu, kusamalira osankhidwa. Yesu ali ndi odwala, alendo - sadandaula za maudindo, amatsatira modabwitsa ...," a Stückl akutero. "Monga wina aliyense, Yesu amadziwa mantha - ndipo ngakhale atero amakhalabe wokhazikika. Yesu Khristu ndi wosangalatsa - mwinanso kwa omwe sakhulupirira kuti kuli Mulungu," amaliza Christian Stückl, akumwetulira.

Kusewera ngati Yesu Khristu kungathe kukakamiza wosewera aliyense wolimba mtima. Bambo Rochus Rückel, mmodzi mwa ochita zisudzo awiri a Yesu anati: “Ntchitoyi ikutanthauza mkangano wamkati, kusokonezeka. “Zinthu zimene zimaika maganizo a Yesu m’kati mwake n’zovuta kwambiri kuzifotokoza kusiyana ndi pamene akulankhula momveka bwino.” - Mnzake wa Rückel, Bambo Frederik Mayet akuwonjezera kuti: "Zotsatira za Passion Play zimapita mwachindunji pamtima. Ngati timasewera ndi zest, mphamvu, kuwona mtima ndi chisangalalo, idzakhala njira iyi yomwe imawunikira omvera. Ndiye pali nthawi yamatsenga yomwe mbali zonse ziwiri zimatulutsa mphamvu. "

Nthawi zamatsenga zimagawidwanso ndi Ms. Andrea Hecht, akusewera amayi ake a Yesu Maria ndi Mayi Barbara Schuster monga Maria wa Magadala, wophunzira wa Yesu wodziwika kwambiri. Andrea Hecht akukhulupirira kuti akazi aŵiriwo “anali kudziŵa bwino lomwe zimene Yesu anali kunena. Kutsanzikana kwawo kutha kuchitikanso pano ndi pano. Zimenezi n’zolimbikitsa kwambiri. Mmodzi sakuwumitsidwa pazaka zomwe akusewera Passion. "

Bambo Markus Zwink, Wotsogolera Nyimbo za Play's Musical and conductor, akulozera ku "Passion Play" yomwe ili ngati "oratorium". A Zwink akuti: “Mwakalembedwe, ili pafupi ndi oratorio yopatulika ya nyengo yakumapeto ya chaka, komanso mbali ina ya chinenero cha nyimbo cha Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy.” Chachilendo ndichakuti kwayayi imatsogolera Seweroli, kukonzanso malonjezo a nzika za Oberammergau mu 1633 ndikutsagana ndi zomwe zimatchedwa 'Zithunzi Zamoyo'.

Pansi pa gulu latsopano loyang'anira ndi Bambo Stefan Hageneier monga siteji ndi wojambula zovala, chidwi chapadera chaperekedwa kwa 'Zithunzi Zamoyo' khumi ndi ziwiri zomwe zimapereka dongosolo ku Sewero lonse la maola asanu. 'Zithunzi Zamoyo' zomwe zimasonyeza zolemba za Chipangano Chakale cha Baibulo, ndizodzaza ndi zithunzi ndi zophiphiritsira, ndi zisudzo zomwe zikuwonetseratu pazithunzi, monga kujambulidwa ndi chithunzithunzi. "Lingaliro latsopano la 'Zithunzi Zamoyo' ndiloti liwonetse anthu ambiri m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuponderezedwa, kuthawa ndi kuzunzidwa, komanso chiyembekezo," akutero a Hageneier. Lingaliro ili lamutsatira kuyambira pomwe othawa kwawo akutaya mtima adatenga njira zowopsa kwambiri zosamukira kudera lachipululu ndikuwoloka nyanja, kuyambira 2015 mpaka lero, kuti athawe nkhondo ndi nkhanza.

Phindu linalake lakhazikitsidwa pa mbiri yakale ya Kuvutika kwa Khristu.

Chikhumbo cha nthawi yayitali cha Ayuda chokhazikika pa 'Mesiya', yemwe kutsatira uneneri wakale anali kubwera kudzamasula Ayuda ku goli lachiroma. Mkhalidwe wa ndale unali wovuta ndipo maganizo a anthu anali okhumudwa. Mkhalidwe uwu uyenera kusamutsidwira ku Oberammergau Passion Play Theatre - zovuta kwa akuluakulu a Play, omwe amamvetsetsa 2022 Passion Play ngati 'chiyambi chatsopano'.

Pomwe gawo loyambilira la Passion Play Theatre lidatsata kalembedwe kachi Greek, kusinthidwa kwake kukhala 'dystopian temple complex' cholinga chake ndi kuyimira likulu lakale la mzinda wa Yerusalemu. Dystopi leitmotif ya mayendedwe osatha othawa kwawo amawonekera mu 'Living Images', monga mitundu yowala ya chiyembekezo imawonekera motsutsana ndi mdima wakuda. Komanso, maonekedwe a kachisi akugwira ntchito pa mkangano womwe ukutsogozedwa kwambiri wokhudza chigamulo cha Yesu, pamene ophunzira ake amakumana ndi adani awo mwamphamvu. Kuonjezera apo, khalidwe la Yudasi mu tsoka lake lonse likutsindika kwambiri. Yudasi akufuna kupititsa patsogolo lingaliro lake louziridwa ndi ndale la uthenga wa Yesu. Safuna imfa ya mbuye wake.

Kutembenuka Kosatsimikizika kwa Passion

Panthawiyi, a Oberammera Passion Play yakhala yotchuka kwambiri - kunyumba ndi kunja. Alendo odziwika akuphatikizapo mafumu a ku Ulaya ndi Asia, ochita zisudzo ndi mainjiniya otchuka ochokera ku France, apurezidenti ndi mamiliyoneya ochokera ku US, olemba nyimbo ndi olemba kuchokera ku Germany ndi ku Europe, arabi ochokera ku Israel, apapa, makadinala, ndi andale - abwino komanso ocheperako.

Mu 2010, alendo 500,000 adabwerako pafupipafupi. Komabe m'zaka za zana la 19 anthu aku America aku America adayamba kuzindikira Oberammergau, monga mu 1880 Thomas Cook adanyamuka kupita kuderali. Inali nthawi yayitali mpaka Tourism yapadziko lonse lapansi idakula kwambiri kudera la fairytale pakati pa Neuschwanstein Castle ndi Zugspitze. Chinsonga chachikulu kwambiri ku Germany chikukwera modabwitsa pamwamba pa Elmau Castle, malo owoneka bwino a msonkhano wa G7. Nthawi ndi nthawi, zochitika zimakhala mlengalenga: pamene atsogoleri a G7 akuvutika kuti agwirizane ndi zochitika zofanana ndi owonetsa akuwonetsa ma banderoles awo, ku Oberammergau, makilomita 17 ndi mtunda wa ndege, Passion Play yomwe ikupitirizabe kugwira ntchito ikusangalatsa omvera oyamikira.

Oberammergau Passion Play amalumikizana kwambiri ndi mliri wa 1632 komanso Nkhondo ya Zaka Makumi Atatu ku Europe, pomwe Palestine, komwe kunali mbiri yakale ya Passion ya Kristu, inali chigawo cholamulidwa ndi Aroma. Tsopano, ndife mboni zankhondo yomwe imaphatikizapo imfa ndi chiwonongeko ku Ukraine, yomwe ikuzunzidwa ndi Russia ndikuwukira, pomwe Covid-19, mliri wowopsa womwe udadabwitsa dziko lapansi, umakhalabe ndi ziwerengero zomwe zikuchulukirachulukira, kunyoza mawonekedwe athu osinthidwa anyengo yachilimwe komanso kusasamala. . - Kodi talowa m'badwo wa dystopian? Kodi Oberammergau yatsegulanso nyengo yake yachilimwe ya Passion Play munthawi yake?

Chilakolako cha Khristu chimamveka ngati chochitika cha dystopian, mwinanso kwambiri pamasewera a Passion Play achaka chino. Mosafunikira kunena kuti Zowawa, zotengedwa popanda Kuuka kwa Akufa monga zosiyana kwambiri, zingapangitse chikhulupiriro chachikhristu kukhala chachabechabe. Mfundo imeneyi yokha imalungamitsa kusandulika kwa mtanda monga mtengo wa Aroma kukhala chizindikiro chosayerekezeka cha chiyembekezo ndi chilimbikitso. M’nkhani zake ndi kuphweka kwa mawonekedwe ake, mtanda ndi chimodzi mwa zizindikiro zodziŵika kwambiri za dziko. Pankhani ya masiku ano 'kuyika chizindikiro', titha kunena kuti sizinachitikepo - ndipo zapitilira - 'kuyikanso chizindikiro' mozama kuyambira zoyipa kupita zabwino. Izi sizikutanthauza kutembenuka: kubweretsa mantha ndi kuponderezedwa ku kulimbika mtima ndi ufulu.

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Max Haberstroh

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