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Mapasipoti amphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi ali ndi ufulu woyenda pang'ono

Mapasipoti amphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi ali ndi ufulu woyenda pang'ono
Mapasipoti amphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi ali ndi ufulu woyenda pang'ono
Written by Harry Johnson

Omwe ali ndi mapasipoti amphamvu kwambiri pakadali pano ali oletsedwa kwambiri komanso osafuna kusangalala ndi ufulu wawo woyenda

Omwe ali ndi ma pasipoti omwe ali ndi mwayi wopezeka padziko lonse lapansi pano ali oletsedwa kwambiri komanso osafuna kusangalala ndi ufulu wawo wapaulendo, malinga ndi zotsatira zaposachedwa kuchokera ku Henley Passport Index, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa ndi chidziwitso chapadera komanso chovomerezeka kuchokera ku Mgwirizano Wapadziko Lonse Woyendetsa Ndege (IATA).

Japan ili ndi malo oyamba pamndandanda - kusanja koyambirira kwa mapasipoti onse adziko lapansi malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa komwe omwe ali nawo angapezeko popanda chitupa cha visa chikapezekapo - ndi chiphaso chambiri cha visa kapena visa-pofika 193. , pamene Singapore ndi South Korea zimabwera pamodzi-2nd malo, ndi mphambu 192.

Koma ngakhale mwayi wosayerekezeka komanso womwe sunachitikepo padziko lonse lapansi woperekedwa kwa nzika za mayiko atatuwa pazaka 17 za index, kufunikira kwapadziko lonse lapansi ku Asia-Pacific kwangofika 17% ya pre-Covid, malinga ndi ziwerengero zaposachedwa za IATA, kukhala pansi pa 10% kwa zaka ziwiri zapitazi. Chiwerengerochi ndi chotsalira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pomwe misika yaku Europe ndi North America yabwereranso ku 60% yazovuta zomwe zidachitika kale.

Pothirira ndemanga mu Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Dr Marie Owens Thomsen, Chief Economist ku IATA, akuti ziwerengero zokwera ziyenera kufika 83% ya mliri usanachitike mu 2022. miliri, pomwe tikuyembekeza kuti izi zichitike kumakampani onse mu 2024. ”

European Union (EU) Mayiko omwe ali mamembala ndiwo amatsogola ena onse khumi apamwamba pamndandanda waposachedwa, Germany ndi Spain zili limodzi-3rd malo, okhala ndi mwayi wopita ku 190 kopanda visa. Finland, Italy, ndi Luxembourg amatsatira motsatira-4th malo okhala ndi malo 189, ndipo Denmark, Netherlands, ndi Sweden akugawana 5th malo okhala ndi mapasipoti omwe amatha kupita kumayiko 188 padziko lonse lapansi popanda visa. Onse a UK ndi US atsika, mpaka 6th ndipo 7th malo, motero, ndipo Afghanistan imakhalabe m'munsi mwa mndandanda, ndi anthu ake omwe amatha kupeza malo 27 padziko lonse lapansi opanda visa.

WTM London 2022 zidzachitika kuyambira 7-9 Novembala 2022. Lowetsani tsopano!

Chisokonezo chaulendo wachilimwe

Pamene chipwirikiti chapaulendo ku US chiyamba kuchepa kutsatira kumenyedwa kwa tchuthi chachinayi cha Julayi ndipo kusowa kwa ogwira ntchito kukukakamiza ndege ku Europe kuletsa ndege masauzande ambiri, zomwe zikuyambitsa mizere ya maola ambiri pama eyapoti akuluakulu. Bwalo la ndege la Heathrow lauzanso ndege kuti zisiye kugulitsa matikiti achilimwe pomwe eyapoti yayikulu kwambiri ku UK ikuvutikira kuthana ndi kuyambiranso kwaulendo wandege.

Dr Christian H. Kaelin, Wapampando wa Henley & Partners komanso woyambitsa lingaliro la pasipoti, akuti kuchuluka kwaposachedwa kwakufunika sikudadabwitsa. "Zotsatira zaposachedwa kuchokera ku Henley Passport Index ndi chikumbutso cholimbikitsa cha chikhumbo chaumunthu chofuna kulumikizana padziko lonse lapansi ngakhale mayiko ena akupita kudziko lodzipatula komanso kudzipatula. Kugwedezeka kwa mliriwu sikunali kosiyana ndi chilichonse chomwe tidawona m'moyo wathu, ndipo kubwezeretsanso ndi kubwezeretsanso ufulu wathu woyenda, komanso chibadwa chathu choyenda ndikusamuka zitenga nthawi. ”

Kafukufuku waposachedwa akuwonetsa kuti ma pasipoti apamwamba abwereranso mpaka kufika pamlingo wa mliri usanachitike. Poyerekeza kuchuluka komwe kulipo ufulu woyendayenda ndi ziletso zovuta kwambiri zokhudzana ndi Covid zomwe zakhazikitsidwa zaka zingapo zapitazi, zotsatira zikuwonetsa kuti omwe ali ndi mapasipoti aku UK ndi US tsopano ali ndi mwayi wopita kumalo 158 padziko lonse lapansi (kusiyana ndi 74 ndi 56 okha). kopita, motsatana, pachimake cha mliri mu 2020), pomwe okhala ndi mapasipoti aku Japan amasangalala ndi mwayi wopita kumalo 161 (kusiyana ndi 76 okha mu 2020).

Pambuyo pa miyezi ya zomwe zimatchedwa "tsankho la maulendo", pomwe maulendo ochokera kumayiko omwe akutukuka kumene ku Global South adaletsedwa bwino pamene nzika za mayiko olemera ku Global North zinkapindula kwambiri ndi ufulu woyendayenda, mapasipoti otsika nawonso ayamba kuchira. . Omwe ali ndi mapasipoti aku India tsopano ali ndi ufulu woyenda womwewo monga momwe adachitira mliri usanachitike, osaloledwa kupita kumalo 57 padziko lonse lapansi (kusiyana ndi malo 23 okha mu 2020). Momwemonso, ngakhale amangopita kumadera 46 okha omwe ali pamtunda wa Omicron wave mu 2021, omwe ali ndi mapasipoti aku South Africa tsopano ali ndi mwayi wopita kumadera 95 padziko lonse lapansi, omwe ali pafupi ndi chiphaso chawo chisanachitike mliri wa 105.

Chris Dix wa VFS Global, wothandizira ma visa, akuti ma voliyumu ofunsira visa pakati pa Januware ndi Meyi chaka chino adakula ndi 100% poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi chaka chatha. "Ndikutsegulidwa kwa malire a mayiko, kuchepetsa zoletsa kuyenda, komanso kuyambiranso maulendo apandege apadziko lonse lapansi, makampaniwa akuchitira umboni "maulendo obwezera". Mwachitsanzo, ku India, ma visa akuposa 20,000 patsiku pamene tikulowera kutchuthi cha July-August. Nambalazi zikuphatikiza apaulendo okacheza ku Canada, Europe, ndi UK, pamodzi ndi malo ena otchuka. Tikuyembekezeranso nyengo yotalikirapo yoyenda mchilimwe chaka chino yokhala ndi maulendo akunja okonzekera kuyambira Seputembala. ”

Russia idakhala yokhayokha

Omwe ali ndi mapasipoti aku Russia achotsedwa padziko lonse lapansi kuposa kale, chifukwa zilango, zoletsa kuyenda, komanso kutsekedwa kwa ndege zimalepheretsa nzika zaku Russia kuti zifike kumadera onse koma ochepa ku Asia ndi Middle East. Pasipoti yaku Russia pakadali pano ili pa 50th ikani pamndandanda, wokhala ndi chitupa cha visa chikapezeka kapena chaulere pakufika kwa 119. Komabe, chifukwa cha kutsekedwa kwa ndege m'maiko omwe ali mamembala a EU, Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, US, ndi UK, Nzika zaku Russia zaletsedwa kuyenda m'maiko ambiri otukuka, kupatulapo Istanbul ndi Dubai, zomwe zakhala malo okhazikika.

Pasipoti yaku Ukraine pakadali pano ili pa 35th malo pa index, ndi eni ake amatha kupeza 144 kopita padziko lonse popanda kufunikira visa pasadakhale. Mosiyana ndi ziletso zokhwima zomwe zimayikidwa kwa omwe ali ndi mapasipoti aku Russia, anthu aku Ukraine omwe adasamutsidwa chifukwa cha kuukirawo apatsidwa ufulu wokhala ndikugwira ntchito ku EU kwa zaka zitatu pansi pa dongosolo ladzidzidzi poyankha zomwe zakhala vuto lalikulu kwambiri la othawa kwawo ku Europe m'zaka za zana lino. . Pambuyo pa chilengezo chaposachedwa cha EU, chopatsa mwayi wopikisana nawo ku Ukraine, sitepe yoyamba yopita ku membala wa EU, ufulu woyenda kwa omwe ali ndi pasipoti yaku Ukraine uyenera kuwonjezeka m'zaka zikubwerazi.  

Pothirira ndemanga mu Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Prof. Dr. Khalid Koser OBE, membala wa Governing Board of the Andan Foundation, akuti anthu osachepera mamiliyoni asanu a ku Ukraine achoka m'dziko lawo, ndipo ena asanu ndi awiri miliyoni kapena kuposerapo amasamutsidwa mkati.

"Padziko lonse lapansi - osati ku Europe kokha - izi ndi ziwerengero zazikulu, zomwe zimapangitsa anthu aku Ukraine kukhala amodzi mwa anthu othawa kwawo padziko lonse lapansi, pamodzi ndi anthu aku Syria, Venezuela, ndi Afghans."

Mayiko amtendere ali ndi mapasipoti amphamvu kwambiri

Kafukufuku wapadera wopangidwa ndi a Henley & Partners kuyerekeza mwayi wopeza ma visa mdziko muno ndi Global Peace Index yomwe ikuwonetsa kugwirizana kwakukulu pakati pa mphamvu ya pasipoti ya dziko ndi mtendere wake. Mafuko onse omwe akukhala pamwamba khumi a Henley Passport Index atha kupezekanso pa khumi apamwamba a Global Peace Index. Momwemonso, kwa mayiko omwe ali pansi.

Pothirirapo ndemanga pa zotsatira za Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Stephen Klimczuk-Massion, Fellow pa Oxford University's Saïd Business School komanso membala wa Advisory Committee ya Andan Foundation, akuti "ndizopanda tanthauzo kunena kuti tikukhala movutikira kwambiri. nthawi yamavuto padziko lonse lapansi, pomwe mliriwu ukubweretsa mthunzi wautali komanso zatsopano monga nkhondo, kukwera kwa mitengo, kusakhazikika pazandale komanso ziwawa zomwe zikuchulukirachulukira pamitu. M'nkhaniyi, pasipoti ndi khadi loyimbira foni kuposa kale lonse, zomwe, malingana ndi pasipoti yomwe mumanyamula ndi kumene mukupita, zidzakhala ndi zotsatira pa mtundu wa kulandiridwa komwe mudzalandira, kumene mungapite komanso momwe mungakhalire otetezeka. khalani mukafika kumeneko. Tsopano kuposa kale lonse, ndikulakwitsa kuganiza za pasipoti ngati chikalata choyendera chomwe chimakulolani kuti muchoke ku A kupita ku B. Mphamvu kapena kufooka kwa pasipoti inayake ya dziko kumakhudza mwachindunji ubwino wa moyo wa mwiniwake wa pasipoti ndipo akhoza ngakhale kukhala nkhani ya moyo ndi imfa m’mikhalidwe ina.”

Prof. Dr. Yossi Harpaz, Wothandizira Pulofesa wa Sociology pa yunivesite ya Tel-Aviv, ananena kuti pakati pa anthu pafupifupi 300,000 omwe achoka ku Russia kuyambira kumapeto kwa February, ndi ambiri mwa anthu ophunzira kwambiri komanso odziwa bwino m'dzikoli. “Olemera osankhika amaika patsogolo kwambiri demokalase ndi ulamuliro wamalamulo. Zaka makumi awiri zapitazi zasonyeza kuti mayiko omwe si ademokalase opanda malamulo amphamvu akhoza kukhala opambana pakulimbikitsa kukula ndi kukweza nzika zawo ku chuma chambiri. Koma anthu osankhika opeza ndalama omwe amakhala pansi pa maulamuliro opondereza nthawi zonse amakhala akuyang'ana ndondomeko za inshuwaransi ndi njira zotuluka zomwe zingathandize kuteteza katundu wawo ndi chitetezo chawo. Osamukira ku Russia, makamaka, sakuthawa chiwopsezo chakuthupi. M’malo mwake, nzika zolemera za ku Russia zikuoneka kuti zikuchoka kuti zipeŵe kukodwa m’dziko limene likukhala lopanda ufulu, lodzipatula, ndiponso losatukuka.”

UAE ndiye wopambana mliri

Panthawi yonse ya chipwirikiti chazaka ziwiri zapitazi, chinthu chimodzi chakhala chokhazikika: mphamvu yowonjezereka ya pasipoti ya UAE, yomwe tsopano ili pa 15.th ikani pamndandanda, wokhala ndi ma visa-free kapena visa-on-arrival score of 176. Pazaka khumi zapitazi, dzikoli lapeza phindu losayerekezeka monga chokwera kwambiri pa index - mu 2012, idakhala pa 64.th ikani pa masanjidwe, ndi mphambu zokwana 106. Monga Dashboard yaposachedwa ya Henley Private Wealth Migration Dashboard ikusonyezera, UAE yakhalanso malo omwe ali ndi chidwi kwambiri ndi anthu olemera omwe ali ndi ndalama ndipo akuyembekezeka kuwona kuchuluka kwakukulu kwa ma HNWI padziko lonse lapansi mu 2022, ndi chiwonjezeko cholosera cha 4,000 - chiwonjezeko chochititsa chidwi cha 208% poyerekeza ndi 2019 yomwe idalowa ndi 1,300 ndi imodzi mwazambiri zomwe zidalembedwa.

Dr. Robert Mogielnicki, Senior Resident Scholar ku Arab Gulf States Institute komanso membala wa Advisory Committee ya Henley & Partners, akuti mayiko omwe ali m'bungwe la Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) akupitiliza kukhazikitsa njira ndi njira zokopa anthu ambiri. anthu ofunika komanso akatswiri aluso ochokera kunja. "Ntchito zakusamuka kwazachuma komanso ndondomeko zatsopano zamsika wa anthu ogwira ntchito zikuwonetsa njira yokulirapo yoyika mayiko a GCC ngati malo opangira ndalama ndi talente yapadziko lonse lapansi. Zofunikira za visa kwa nzika za GCC zoyendera malo akuluakulu oyendera ndi zamalonda zikuchepetsedwanso. UK yalengeza kuti mayiko a GCC adzakhala oyamba kupindula ndi njira yatsopano yololeza maulendo apakompyuta yaku UK kuyambira mu 2023, kuwonetsetsa kuti alendowa azitha kusangalala ndi maulendo opanda visa ku UK. Onse a UAE ndi Oman asayina mgwirizano wodziyimira pawokha ndi UK. "

Ubwino wa mbiri ya pasipoti

Akatswiri akuyankha mu Lipoti laposachedwa la Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3 akuwona kuti zosintha zina, zokulirapo pamalamulo akale a EU a visa zikubwera, ndikukhazikitsa kwa ETIAS komwe kukuyembekezeredwa kwa nthawi yayitali mu Meyi chaka chamawa. Mtolankhani wapadziko lonse lapansi woyendera bizinesi Alix Sharkey akuwonetsa kuti ETIAS si visa, koma "njira yowunika pa intaneti musanayende ulendo womwe uzikhala wovomerezeka kwa iwo omwe mapasipoti awo amawatsimikizira kuti akuyenda kwaulere kudera la Schengen ku Europe. Olemba ntchito adzafunika kupereka zambiri zaumwini, chithandizo chamankhwala, zambiri zokhudza ulendo wopita kumadera ena omenyana, komanso kulipira ndalama zina. " Monga momwe zimakhalira ndi Electronic System for Travel Authorization waiver kulowa kapena kupita ku US ngati mlendo, "ngati chidziwitsocho chili cholondola ndipo palibe mbendera zofiira zochokera kumalo osungira zigawenga kapena zidziwitso zina zachitetezo, wopemphayo amavomerezedwa yekha."

Nthawi zaposachedwa monga mliri ndi nkhondo ku Europe zabweretsa kukhala nzika komanso kukhala nzika chifukwa cha anthu olemera, osunga ndalama padziko lonse lapansi, komanso amalonda amafunafuna njira zothetsera mabanja kuti ateteze chuma cha mabanja awo, zolowa zawo, ndi chitetezo chawo panthawi yamavuto. . Dr Juerg Steffen, CEO wa Henley & Partners, akuti "nthawi yonse ya chipwirikiti cha mliriwu, maubwino a pasipoti yachiwiri kapena yachitatu adadziwonetsera okha kwa osunga ndalama omwe akufuna chitetezo ndi mtendere wamumtima. Maboma avomerezanso ubwino umene kusamuka kwa ndalama kumapereka kwa nzika za mayiko omwe akukhala nawo ngati ndalama zakunja zakunja ziperekedwa mokwanira kuzinthu zofunikira kwambiri zachitukuko cha chikhalidwe ndi zachuma. Tawona kuwonjezeka kwa 55% pamafunso poyerekeza ndi kotala yapitayi, yomwe idali yosokoneza mbiri. Mayiko anayi apamwamba kwambiri omwe akufunidwa pano ndi aku Russia, Amwenye, Achimereka, ndi Brits, ndipo kwa nthawi yoyamba, anthu aku Ukraine ali pa 10 apamwamba padziko lonse lapansi. "

Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews kwa zaka zoposa 20. Iye amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Ulaya. Amakonda kulemba ndi kufalitsa nkhani.

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