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Mbiri ya Asia American Hotel Owners Association

Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi AAHOA

The Asia American Hotel Owner Association (AAHOA) ndi bungwe lazamalonda lomwe limayimira eni mahotela. Pofika 2022, AAHOA ili ndi mamembala pafupifupi 20,000 omwe ali ndi 60% ya mahotela ku United States ndipo amayang'anira 1.7% ya GDP ya dziko. Ogwira ntchito opitilira miliyoni imodzi amagwira ntchito m'mahotela omwe ali ndi mamembala a AAHOA, ndipo amalandila $47 biliyoni pachaka ndipo amapereka ntchito 4.2 miliyoni ku US m'magawo onse ogulitsa alendo.

Anthu aku India aku America omwe anali m'mahotela ndi ma motelo adakumana ndi tsankho koyambirira, kuchokera kumakampani a inshuwaransi komanso kuchokera kwa omwe akupikisana nawo akuyika zikwangwani "za America" ​​kunja kwa malo awo kuti awatengere bizinesi. Gulu lina la ogulitsa mahotela aku India lidapangidwa ku Atlanta mu 1989 kuti athane ndi tsankho komanso kudziwitsa anthu aku Asia America omwe amagwira ntchito m'makampani ochereza alendo omwe amatchedwa Asian American Hotel Owners Association.

Bungwe la Asian American Hotel Owners Association poyambilira linakhazikitsidwa kuti lithane ndi tsankho.

Kumayambiriro kwapakati pa zaka za m’ma 1970, anthu okhala m’mahotela a ku Amereka Achimereka anayang’anizana ndi tsankho kuchokera ku mabanki ndi onyamula inshuwalansi. Pa nthawiyo, nthumwi za msonkhano wa gulu la ozimitsa moto zitanena kuti Patel anawotcha mamotelo awo n’kupereka madandaulo achinyengo, makampani a inshuwalansi anakana kugulitsa inshuwalansi kwa eni ake a ku India.

Pofuna kuthana ndi vutoli komanso tsankho lina, bungwe la Mid-South Indemnity Association linakhazikitsidwa ku Tennessee. Idakula m'dziko lonselo ndipo pamapeto pake idasintha dzina lake kukhala INDO American Hospitality Association. Gulu lina la ogulitsa mahotela a ku India linasonkhana ku Atlanta mu 1989 kuti athetsenso nkhani za tsankho komanso kudziwitsa anthu aku Asia America pamakampani ochereza alendo. Mothandizidwa ndi Michael Leven, yemwe panthaŵiyo anali pulezidenti wa Days Inn of America, iwo anapanga bungwe la Asian American Hotel Owners Association. Pofika kumapeto kwa 1994, magulu awiriwa adalumikizana ndi ntchito iyi:

AAHOA imapereka msonkhano womwe eni mahotela aku Asia aku America posinthana malingaliro ndi mawu ogwirizana, amatha kulumikizana, kulumikizana, ndikuteteza malo awo oyenera mkati mwamakampani ochereza alendo, ndikukhala gwero lachilimbikitso polimbikitsa ukatswiri ndi kuchita bwino kudzera mu maphunziro ndi kutenga nawo mbali pamudzi.

Eni ake atsopanowa adabweretsa ukadaulo wawo wamabizinesi ndi mabanja awo kuti agwiritse ntchito motelo izi. Anakhazikitsa njira zamakono zowerengera ndalama kuti aziwunika momwe ndalama zikuyendera. Kuchulukitsa kwandalama kanayi kunakhala mawu a Patel. Ngati motelo yovutikayi imatulutsa ndalama zokwana madola 10,000 pachaka ndipo ingagulidwe pa $40,000, zinali zopindulitsa kwa banja logwira ntchito molimbika.

Iwo anakonzanso ndi kukweza ma motelo a rundown kuti apititse patsogolo kayendedwe ka ndalama, anagulitsa katunduyo ndi kusinthanitsa ndi ma motelo abwinoko. Zimenezi zinali zovuta. Makampani a inshuwaransi wamba sakanapereka chithandizo chifukwa amakhulupirira kuti eni ake osamukira kwawo amawotcha ma motelo awo. Masiku amenewo mabanki anali okayikitsa kupereka ngongole zanyumba. A Patel amayenera kulipirana wina ndi mnzake ndikudzipangira inshuwaransi katundu wawo.

Pa July 4, 1999, New York Times Nkhaniyi, mtolankhani Tunku Vardarajan analemba kuti: “Eni ake oyambirira, mofanana ndi anthu ambiri obwera m’dziko lina, ankangoyendayenda, ankavala, ankavala masokosi akale ndipo sankapita kutchuthi. Iwo sanachite zimenezi kuti angosunga ndalama zokha, komanso chifukwa chakuti kusunga ndalama ndi mbali imodzi ya mfundo zazikulu za makhalidwe abwino, zimene zimaona kuti ndalama zonse zosafunika kwenikweni n’zowononga ndiponso n’zosasangalatsa. Ndi maganizo amene amalimbikitsidwa ndi kunyansidwa ndi zinthu zachabechabe, zomwe zinachokera ku Chihindu chimene a Patel amachita monga mmene ankachitira m’mbiri yawo monga okonda malonda.”

Wolemba Joel Millman alemba Achimereka Ena Viking, 1997, New York:

Patel adatenga bizinesi yogona, yokhwima ndikuyisintha- kupatsa ogula zosankha zambiri ndikupangitsa kuti zinthuzo zikhale zopindulitsa kwambiri. Mamotelo omwe amakopa anthu mabiliyoni ambiri omwe amasunga ndalama kuchokera kumayiko ena adasintha kukhala malo ogula mabiliyoni ambiri. Chiyanjano chimenecho, choyendetsedwa ndi m'badwo watsopano, chikuyendetsedwa m'mabizinesi atsopano. Zina ndizogwirizana ndi malo ogona (kupanga zinthu zamotelo); zina zokhudzana ndi malo (kubweza nyumba zosagwiritsidwa ntchito); ena amangopeza ndalama kufunafuna mpata. Mtundu wa Patel-motel ndi chitsanzo, monga ma jitney aku West Indian ku New York, momwe osamukira kumayiko ena amakulitsira chitumbuwacho. Ndipo pali phunziro lina: pamene chuma chikusintha kuchoka pakupanga kupita ku ntchito, zochitika za Patel-motel zikuwonetsa momwe franchising ingasinthire wakunja kukhala wosewera wamkulu. Mtundu wa Chigujarati wama motelo utha kukopedwa ndi a Latinos pokonza malo, Amwenye aku West posamalira kunyumba kapena anthu aku Asia pantchito zaubusa. Pogwiritsa ntchito ma turnkey Franchise ngati bizinesi yabanja, osamukira kumayiko ena azithandizira kuchuluka kwa opereka chithandizo kukula.

Momwe ndalama ndi umwini zikuchulukirachulukira, a Patel adaimbidwa milandu yambiri: kuwotcha, kuwotcha ndalama zowunikira, kubweza malamulo olowa m'dziko. Mu kuphulika kosasangalatsa kwa xenophobia, Pafupipafupi Flyer magazini (Chilimwe 1981) inalengeza kuti, “Ndalama zakunja zafika ku makampani amotelo… Anthu aku America amenewo nawonso akung’ung’udza ponena za zinthu zopanda chilungamo, mwina zabizinesi zosaloledwa ndi lamulo: pamakhala nkhani ya chiwembu.” Magaziniyi inadandaula kuti a Patel anakweza mitengo ya ma motelo mwachinyengo kuti ayambitse chipwirikiti chogula. Nkhaniyo inamaliza ndi ndemanga yodziwika bwino yosankhana mitundu, “Nkhani zimaperekedwa ponena za ma motelo amene amamva fungo la curry ndi zizindikiro zakuda za anthu obwera kumene amene amalemba ganyu anthu a ku Caucasus kuti azigwira ntchito pa desiki lakutsogolo.” Nkhaniyo inamaliza kuti: “Zoona zake n’zakuti anthu obwera m’mayiko ena akusewera molimba m’makampani amotelo ndipo mwina osati motsatira mfundo za m’buku la malamulo.” Chisonyezero choipitsitsa cha tsankho loterolo chinali chiwombankhanga cha zikwangwani za “American Owned” zosonyezedwa m’mahotela ena m’dziko lonselo. Chiwonetsero chachidanichi chinabwerezedwa pambuyo pa Sept 11 America.

M'nkhani yanga, "Momwe Mungapezere Mwini Waku America", (Kuchereza Alendo, August 2002), ndinalemba kuti:

"Pambuyo pa Sep. America, zizindikilo zokonda dziko lako zili paliponse: mbendera, mawu okuluwika, Mulungu Adalitse America ndi zikwangwani za United We Stand. Tsoka ilo, kutsanulidwa uku nthawi zina kumadutsa malire a demokalase komanso machitidwe abwino. Kupatula apo, kukonda dziko lako kwenikweni kumaphatikiza mawonekedwe abwino azolemba zathu, ndipo zabwino kwambiri zaku America zikuwonetsedwa mosiyanasiyana. Mofananamo, zoyipa kwambiri zikawonekera pomwe gulu lirilonse liyesera kutanthauzira "American" m'chifaniziro chawo. Tsoka ilo, eni hotelo ochepa ayesapo kufotokozera mtundu wawo wapadera wa "American". Kumapeto kwa chaka cha 11 Hotel Pennsylvania ku New York City idakhazikitsa chikwangwani cholowera "hotelo ya ku America," eni ake adayesetsa kupeputsa kutsutsa pofotokoza kuti, "Nkhani ya omwe aku America sikunyoza ma hotelo ena. Tikufuna kupatsa alendo athu chidziwitso cha ku America. Tikufuna anthu adziwe kuti apeza chidziwitso ku America. Sitikukhudzidwa kwenikweni ndi mahotela ena kapena zomwe sali. ”

Kufotokozera uku kuli kolakwika monga momwe kumakhalira. Kodi "chochitika cha ku America" ​​ndi chiyani m'dziko lomwe limadzitamandira pazikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana? Kodi ndi buledi woyera, agalu otentha ndi makola okha? Kapena zikuphatikiza zaluso zonse, nyimbo, kuvina, chakudya, chikhalidwe ndi zochitika zomwe mayiko osiyanasiyana ndi nzika zimabweretsa ku America?

Mu 1998, Wapampando wa AAHOA Mike Patel adalengeza kumakampani ahotelo kuti nthawi yakwana yoti azindikire mfundo 12 za AAHOA za Fair Franchising. Ananenanso kuti cholinga chachikulu chinali "kupanga malo ogwirizana omwe amalimbikitsa kufanana komanso kopindulitsa kwa maphwando onse."

AAHOA's 12 Points of Fair Franchising

Mfundo 1: Kuchotsedwa Koyambirira ndi Zowonongeka Zowonongeka

Mfundo 2: Kukhudza / Kusokoneza / Kutetezedwa kwa Mtundu

Mfundo 3: Kuchita Zochepa & Zitsimikizo Zapamwamba

Mfundo 4: Kuyang'anira Chitsimikizo Chabwino / Kufufuza kwa Alendo

Mfundo 5: Kupatula Ogulitsa

Mfundo 6: Kuwulura ndi Kuyankha

Mfundo 7: Kusunga Maubwenzi ndi Ma Franchisees

Mfundo 8: Kuthetsa Mikangano

Mfundo 9: Malo ndi Kusankha kwa Malamulo

Mfundo 10: Makhalidwe Ogulitsa Malonda ndi Zochita

Mfundo 11: Kusamutsa

Mfundo 12: Kugulitsa Mtundu wa Hotelo ya Franchise System

Stanley Turkel adasankhidwa kukhala 2020 Historian of the Year ndi Historic Hotels of America, pulogalamu yovomerezeka ya National Trust for Historic Preservation, yomwe adatchulidwa kale mu 2015 ndi 2014. Turkel ndi mlangizi wa hotelo yofalitsidwa kwambiri ku United States. Amagwira ntchito yake yoyang'anira mahotelo omwe amagwira ntchito ngati mboni yodziwika bwino pamilandu yokhudzana ndi hotelo, amawongolera kasamalidwe kazinthu komanso kulumikizana ndi mahotela. Iye ndi wovomerezeka ngati Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ndi Educational Institute of the American Hotel and Lodging Association. [imelo ndiotetezedwa] 917-628-8549

Buku lake latsopano "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" langotulutsidwa kumene.

Mabuku Enanso Omasindikizidwa:

• Ma Hoteli Akuluakulu aku America: Apainiya a Makampani Ogulitsa (2009)

• Kumangidwa Pomaliza: Mahotela Akale Zaka 100+ ku New York (2011)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Azaka 100+ Kum'mawa kwa Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar waku Waldorf (2014)

• Great American Hoteliers Voliyumu 2: Apainiya a Hotel Viwanda (2016)

• Kumangidwa Komalizira: Mahotela Akale + Zaka 100+ Kumadzulo kwa Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Great American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Voliyumu 3: Bob ndi Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Mabuku onsewa atha kuyitanitsidwa kuchokera ku AuthorHouse poyendera stanleystkel.com  ndikudina pamutu wabukuli.

Ponena za wolemba

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotelo-online.com

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