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Momwe Mungatetezere Tsogolo Losasunthika la Oyendetsa Ndege

Msonkhano waku European Cockpit

Kusintha kwanyengo ndi European Aviation. Udindo wofunikira ku Europe pakuwonetsetsa kuti kuyenda kotetezeka kuyenera kuchepetsa kwambiri chilengedwe.

Kusintha kwanyengo ndi chimodzi mwazovuta zazikulu zamasiku athu ano. Mayendedwe a ndege, monga njira zogwirira ntchito ku Europe, apitiliza kugwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri pakuwonetsetsa kuyenda kotetezeka kudera lonselo koma akuyenera kuchepetsa kwambiri chilengedwe.

Mafuta a Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) adzakhala othandiza kwambiri pa izi ndipo akuyenera kuyang'aniridwa, pamene kusintha kobiriwira kwa ndege kuyenera kukhala kusintha koyenera, komwe kukhazikika kwa chilengedwe ndi chikhalidwe kumayendera limodzi. 

"Oyendetsa ndege aku Europe adzipereka kwathunthu ku Pangano la Paris. Oyendetsa ndege aku Europe amathandizira zolinga za European Green Deal ndi phukusi la 'Fit for 55'.

Iwo ali okonzeka kuthandiza kumanga tsogolo lobiriwira, chikhalidwe ndi zachuma wangwiro ndege,” anati ECA Wachiwiri kwa Purezidenti Juan Carlos Lozano, ponena za ECA kumene kuperekedwa Position Paper 'Kuteteza Tsogolo lokhazikika kwa Aviation”.

"Ndife okonzeka kupereka nawo gawo limodzi pantchito yochepetsa kuchepa kwa kayendedwe ka ndege. Cholinga chathu ndikuthandizana ndi makampani ndi owongolera polimbikitsa njira zatsopano zogwirira ntchito ndi njira zomwe zimabweretsa zopindulitsa zachilengedwe ndikusunga chitetezo kukhala chofunikira, "adatero Lozano.

ECA ikukhulupirira kuti njira zamalamulo zomwe zikuchitika ku EU zipereka magalimoto oyenera kuti akhazikitse ndege panjira yake yowononga mpweya.

Momwemo ECA imathandizira zomwe zimatchedwa SAF allowance mechanism, zomwe zakhala zikuyenda bwino mu Nyumba Yamalamulo yaku Europe komanso ku Council.

"Komabe, njira zowonjezera zowonjezera zikufunika mwachangu ngati kuphatikizika kwa EU sikukhalabe malingaliro olakalaka kumapeto kwa tsiku," adatero Lozano.

"Tikukulimbikitsani onse omwe akuchita nawo makampani, Mayiko Amembala, ndi European Commission kuti achitepo kanthu mogwirizana ndi gulu la anthu wamba komanso kuti achitepo kanthu mwachangu kuti alimbikitse kupanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito SAF pomanga chipilala cholimba cha mafakitale ku Europe," adatero. anamaliza.  

'Kumanganso bwino' kwakhala mawu atsopano munthawi yamavuto. Ndichikhulupiriro cholimba cha oyendetsa ndege aku Europe kuti ndege zikuyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mwayiwu kuti 'zidziyambitsanso' ndikukhalanso bizinesi yokhazikika, yolimba, komanso yolimba ya 3.0 - chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakukula kwina kulikonse kwa nthawi yayitali.

Choncho, kukhazikika kuyenera kukhala mwala wapangodya wa kukonzanso ndege. Ndipo kukhazikika kuli patatu:

zachilengedwe, zachuma, ndi chikhalidwe. 

Otjan de Bruijn, Purezidenti wa ECA anati: "Kuposa ndi kale lonse, ndikofunikira kuti ndege zobiriwira, zomwe zakhala zofunikira kwambiri, zisamawononge ufulu wa anthu komanso ntchito zabwino.

Mitundu yatsopano yamabizinesi apandege, kuchuluka kwa ntchito zovutirapo, komanso, posachedwa, mliri wa COVID-19 wagwedeza bizinesiyo komanso kuwonongeka kwa malo ogwira ntchito andege.

"ECA ikupempha opanga ndondomeko kuti athe kukhazikitsa malamulo ndi ndondomeko zomwe zimalimbikitsa kukhazikika kwa chikhalidwe cha anthu pazochitika zonse za kusintha kwa kayendetsedwe ka ndege," anatsindika. 

KUZINDIKIRA VUTO

Kusintha kwanyengo ndi chimodzi mwazovuta zazikulu zamasiku athu ano.

Aviation ndi njira yaku Europe yomwe ipitiliza kugwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri pakuwonetsetsa kuyenda kotetezeka ku Europe. Komabe, oyendetsa ndege akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu munjira yofunitsitsa kwambiri yochotsera mpweya kuti ikhale gawo la njira yobiriwira. Choncho, ECA imapempha opanga ndondomeko ndi onse ogwira nawo ntchito pamakampani oyendetsa ndege kuti agwirizane ndikuchitapo kanthu mwamsanga kuti apitirize kukhala olimba, opikisana, komanso okhazikika ku Ulaya.

2. KUDZIPEREKA KU EU GREEN DEAL

Oyendetsa ndege aku Europe adadzipereka ku zolinga za European Green Deal ndipo amalandila zoyeserera za phukusi la 'Fit for 55', komabe malinga ndi zowonera zingapo ndikusintha komwe anganene.

3. NTCHITO ZOFUTSITSA NDEGE (SAF) - STRATEGIC RESOURCE SAF

zimadziwika kuti ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yochepetsera kaboni wandege pakanthawi kochepa mpaka pakati ndipo motero ReFuelEU ndi mzati wofunikira wa phukusi la 'Fit for 55' poyambitsa ntchito yophatikiza. Kupeza mwayi wofikira msanga wokwanira wa SAF, pamtengo wokwanira, kudzakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri kuti mukhale pakati pa opambana pakusintha kobiriwira, popeza mwayi wopita ku SAF udzafotokozera omwe adzawuluke njira m'tsogolomu.

Chifukwa chake, oyendetsa ndege aku Europe apempha opanga mfundo za EU ndi makampani kuti achitepo kanthu mwachangu, kuti akhale mtsogoleri wopanga ma SAF okhazikika kuti ateteze kulumikizana kwamtsogolo, ntchito, komanso kupikisana kwa ndege zaku Europe.

ZOPEREKA KWA Oyendetsa ndege

Ndi cholinga cha ECA kulimbikitsa machitidwe atsopano ndi njira zomwe zimabweretsa phindu la chilengedwe. Oyendetsa ndege aku Europe ali okonzeka kuthandizira mosamalitsa, mwakufuna kwawo, kuti ayesetse kuti achepetse kufalikira kwa chilengedwe.

Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuwonetsetsa kuti mulingo wachitetezo usungidwe kapena kuwongoleredwa pamene njira zoyendetsedwa ndi chilengedwe zikuyambitsidwa.

5. KUKULA KWAMBIRI

Umboni wa sayansi umasonyeza kuti kukula kosatha kwa ndege kumatheka, malinga ngati pali njira zingapo zosankhidwa bwino, panthawi yake komanso zokhumba zomwe zimachitidwa pofuna kuteteza kutentha kwa dziko kupitirira + 2 digiri Celsius.

6. KUSINTHA KWA CHILENGEDWE KUYENERA KUDZIKIDANA NDI KUSINTHA KWA NTCHITO NDI PACHUMA.

Ndikofunika kuti ndege zobiriwira sizikusokoneza ufulu wa anthu, ntchito zabwino, ndi ntchito zabwino. Chifukwa chake, ECA imapempha opanga mfundo kuti athe kukhazikitsa malamulo ndi mfundo zomwe zimalimbikitsa kukhazikika kwa chikhalidwe cha anthu panjira zonse zosinthira kupita kugawo la ndege lopanda mpweya.

Izi zikutanthawuzanso kuti ndalama zowonjezera zokhudzana ndi kusintha kobiriwira siziyenera kulipidwa podula ndalama pogwiritsa ntchito njira zosadziwika bwino za ntchito (monga mabungwe a broker ndi ma contract a maola ziro, (zabodza) kudzilemba ntchito, kapena kulipira kwachipongwe- njira zowulukira).

Kuyika makampani oyendetsa ndege kuti athe kuyikapo ndalama pazachuma chobiriwira ndikofunikiranso. Kupeza njira zoyendetsera kuwonetsetsa kuti mpikisano wachilungamo komanso malo oyenera ndikofunikira.

NDEGE - ZAMBIRI ZA STRATEGIC & GAWO LA NTCHITO YA 'GREEN'

Zomangamanga za ku Europe, zomwe zimapereka kulumikizana kofunikira komanso kulimbikitsa mgwirizano pakati pazachuma ndi chuma komanso kutumiza katundu ndi ntchito munthawi yake. Zomangamangazi ndizabwino kwa anthu, zomwe ndi gawo lazachuma chambiri, ndipo zipitilizabe kuchita gawo lofunikira pankhani yolumikizidwa bwino ndi mpweya ku Europe.

Pazifukwa izi, ECA ndi maganizo olimba kuti ndege ayenera kukhala mbali ya njira 'wobiriwira' ndi kukhazikitsa maziko tsopano kukhala mbali ya dongosolo otetezeka ndi zisathe zoyendera tsogolo ku Ulaya. Kufunika kokhala ndi tsogolo lokhazikika la kayendetsedwe ka ndege kumabwera motsutsana ndi zomwe lipoti laposachedwa kwambiri la Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) lomwe linatulutsidwa mu February 1, lomwe likutsimikizira kuti kusintha kwa nyengo ndi chimodzi mwazovuta zazikulu zamasiku athu ano. Ikugogomezera kuti kuchitapo kanthu mofunitsitsa, kofulumira kumafunika kuti zigwirizane ndi kusintha kwa nyengo, panthawi imodzimodziyo ndikupanga madontho ofulumira, ozama a mpweya wowonjezera kutentha.

Pomwe mpweya wotuluka m'ndege ukuyimira ochepera 3% ya mpweya wa CO2 wapadziko lonse lapansi (milingo isanachitike mliri) akupitiliza kukwera.

2. Kuwongolera kwanthawi yayitali kwapachaka kwamafuta opitilira 2% pachaka sikungakhale kokwanira kuti ndege zandege zisakhale zosagwirizana ndi 2050.

Kuphatikiza apo, mu 2020, mlangizi Roland Berger adaneneratu kuti ngati mafakitale ena awonongeka mogwirizana ndi zomwe zikuchitika pano, ndege zitha kuwerengera 24% ya mpweya padziko lonse lapansi pofika chaka cha 2050 - pokhapokha ngati pakhala kusintha kwakukulu kwaukadaulo, kutsimikizira kuti bizinesiyo ikufunika kusintha.

3. Potsirizira pake, vuto la mphamvu lomwe lidayamba mu 2021, likuipiraipira chifukwa cha nkhondo ku Ukraine, likuyembekezeka kutha. Zotsatira zake, mafakitale onse motengera mphamvu zamafuta oyambira pansi adzakhudzidwa kwambiri m'tsogolomu.

4. Kuyika ndege panjira yobiriwira kudzakhala kofunikira kuti ntchitoyo ikhale yolimba.

Potengera izi, makampani oyendetsa ndege akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu mwachangu kwambiri, ndipo umboni wasayansi ukuwonetsa kuti kukula kokhazikika kwandege ndikutheka - ngati njira zolimba mtima zatengedwa posachedwa komanso ndi osewera onse okhudzidwa.

Choncho, ECA imapempha opanga ndondomeko ndi onse ogwira nawo ntchito pamakampani oyendetsa ndege kuti agwirizane ndikuchitapo kanthu mwamsanga kuti asunge kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake. mgwirizano.

Potengera izi, makampani oyendetsa ndege akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu mwachangu kwambiri, ndipo umboni wasayansi ukuwonetsa kuti kukula kokhazikika kwandege ndikutheka - ngati njira zolimba mtima zatengedwa posachedwa komanso ndi osewera onse okhudzidwa.

Choncho, ECA imapempha opanga ndondomeko ndi onse ogwira nawo ntchito pamakampani oyendetsa ndege kuti agwirizane ndikuchitapo kanthu mwamsanga kuti asunge kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe ka kayendetsedwe kake. mgwirizano.

Ponena za wolemba

Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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