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Ndege zanjira imodzi zimayendetsa zombo zapadziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa COVID

Ndege zanjira imodzi zimayendetsa zombo zapadziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa COVID
Ndege zanjira imodzi zimayendetsa zombo zapadziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa COVID
Written by Harry Johnson

A320 yatuluka ngati imodzi mwa ndege zogulitsidwa kwambiri komanso zodziwika bwino zapanjira imodzi, ndipo msika wake umaposa mitundu ya Boeing 737 Max.

Ziwerengero zomwe zilipo zawonetsa kuti ndege zokhala ndi njira imodzi ndi mitundu yake zayamba kuchita malonda, zomwe zapangitsa kuti ndegezi zikhale gawo lofunikira komanso lofunikira kwambiri pamsika wopapatiza wanthawi ya COVID-737. Tikaganizira za ndege zapanjira imodzi, gululi limakhudza ndege zopapatiza monga CRJ, B919, Comac C320 ndi Airbus A321, A220 Neo mndandanda, ndi mitundu ya AXNUMX.

Kuyang'ana ndege zambiri masiku ano, zikuwonekeratu kuti oposa 80% a zombo zawo zomwe adaziika amapanga ndege zapanjira imodzi, kuyambira ndege zazing'ono mpaka zapakati. Kuchokera pomwe tili, zomwe tikuwona kwanthawi yayitali ndikuti msika wandege ukhoza kusunthira ku thupi lopapatiza, ndikugawana ndege zapanjira imodzi pamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi wamalonda akuchulukira kupitilira 56% pazaka zisanu zikubwerazi.

Chiyambireni mliriwu, tawona ndege zingapo zikusintha kupita ku thupi lopapatiza, ngakhale kusamuka kumawoneka pang'onopang'ono kuposa momwe amayembekezeredwa chifukwa chakuchuluka kwa ndege zomwe sizinaperekedwe. Komabe, makampani oyendetsa ndege awona kusintha pang'onopang'ono kupita kunjira yayikulu imodzi, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuti mitundu ya ndegeyi yakwera ndi 50% poyerekeza ndi ziwerengero za mliri usanachitike.

Zikuwonekeratu kuti zovuta zobwerera m'mbuyo ndizovuta kwambiri kumakampani ambiri oyendetsa ndege pankhani yakusintha kwa ndege zomwe zili ndi njira imodzi. Kutengera ziwerengero zomwe zilipo, zotsalira izi zikutanthauza kuti ndege zapadziko lonse lapansi zamitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ndege zomwe zimagwera pansi pa gulu lalikulu lopapatiza zikhalabe pansi pa 40%, koma zomwe zikuchitika zitha kusintha m'zaka zikubwerazi. Komabe, akatswiri amakampani amakhulupirirabe kuti chiwerengerochi chidzaposa 35% m'zaka zisanu zikubwerazi ngati titsatira zomwe zikuchitika pamsika. 

Potengera mawu a Boeing's management, "mtima wamsika uli pafupi mipando 180-200." Mwachionekere, mawuwa akusonyeza kuti ndege yaikulu ya Boeing yokhala ndi njira imodzi yokha ikhoza kukhala yokonza msika watsopano, kutengera momwe kampaniyo ilili ndi njira zazikulu ziwiri. Chodabwitsa ndichakuti, kuchuluka kwa masinthidwe a Max 9 ndi 10 ndi mitundu yokwera kwambiri ya Max 8 yayamba kulamulira zombo zokhazikitsidwa ndi ndege zambiri, kuyimira msika watsopano wopita kunjira imodzi.

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Mwinanso, msika wa ndege uwona kuchuluka kwa mitundu ya A321 Neo, yolimba kwambiri ya A320 Neos yomwe imalowa mumsika wopapatiza, ndikukankhira patsogolo pamakampani oyendetsa ndege padziko lonse lapansi a Covid. Komabe, gawo la Airbus pamsika wanjira imodzi likuwoneka kuti likukula mwachangu kuposa mdani wake waku US, Boeing, yemwe akukhulupirira kuti ali ndi mitundu yambiri ya ndege m'gulu lopapatiza.

Ziwerengero zaposachedwa za opanga awiri akuluakulu mpaka kumapeto kwa Juni zikuwonetsa kuti Airbus idapereka zopitilira 10,600 mwa 17,000 zomwe zidapangidwa ndi ndege zosiyanasiyana zamitundu ya A320 ndi A220. A320 yatuluka ngati imodzi mwa ndege zogulitsidwa kwambiri komanso zodziwika bwino zapanjira imodzi, ndipo msika wake ukuposa mitundu ya Boeing 737 Max.

Akatswiri amsika anena za uinjiniya ndi masoka aposachedwa komanso kukhazikitsidwa kwa njira imodzi ya Max 737 ngati zifukwa zomwe gawo la Boeing pamsika wopapatiza likutsata Airbus. Zomwe zaposachedwa zapamadzi zikuwonetsa kuti Airbus ikulimbana ndi dongosolo lalikulu lotsalira la ndege zapanjira imodzi mubanja la A320, pomwe gawo la msika likufikira pa 59%. Ziwerengerozi zikuwonetsa kuti dongosolo lakale likusintha mwachangu, msika wanjira imodzi umakhala wokongola kwambiri kwamakampani ambiri oyendetsa ndege.

Kupitilira apo, kusangalatsa kochulukira kwa mndandanda wa A320 wopita maulendo ang'onoang'ono kwawonjezera kukopa kwawo pamsika wandege, ndikupereka mwayi kwa oyendetsa ndege kuti asunge mapulogalamu owuluka kwambiri panthawi yomwe Covid-XNUMX achira. Chifukwa chake, ndegezi zimawoneka ngati zotheka kwa ndege zomwe zimafuna kubweza mwachangu, mosiyana ndi ndege ya Boeing yomwe ili ndi njira imodzi yomwe imagwira ntchito nthawi yayitali.  

Mosiyana ndi ndege zamagulu ambiri, gawo limodzi la njira imodzi limaphatikizapo ndege zomwe zimalola ndege kuti zikwaniritse bwino "zachuma pampando uliwonse" ndipo pamapeto pake zimapereka kusinthasintha kwakukulu kwa okwera. Izi zikufotokozera kukopa kowonjezereka kwa ndege zazikulu zokhala ndi njira imodzi poyang'anizana ndi zovuta zomwe zikuchitika pamsika wapadziko lonse lapansi. 

Monga momwe tikuwonera pakubweza komwe opanga ndege akukumana nawo pano, kufunikira kwamitundu yosiyanasiyana yanjira imodzi pakukula koyendetsa ndikuthandizira ndege kuti zikwaniritse zomwe akufuna panthawi yochira pambuyo pa Covid ndizofunikira kwambiri. Poganizira zenizeni izi, opanga ayang'ane zomwe zingatheke kupanga mitundu ya ndege "zapakati pa msika" ndi zomwe zimapereka ma fuselage ozungulira kuti azigwirizana ndi mitundu yomwe ilipo yanjira imodzi.  

 

Zokhudza Gediminas Ziemelis: 

Pantchito yonse yotukula bizinesi yomwe yatenga zaka zopitilira 24, Gediminas Ziemelis wakhazikitsa zoyambira 50 zoyambira ndi zobiriwira m'mafakitale osiyanasiyana monga IT, media, mipando yamtengo wapatali, pharma, zipatala, ulimi, ndi magawo ena amakampani. Pakadali pano, makampaniwa mwina ndi a PE 'Vertas Management' kapena adagulitsidwa kale ndipo tsopano ndi zigawo zamabungwe ena akulu akulu.

Gediminas Ziemelis ndiye woyambitsa komanso wapampando wa Avia Solutions Group - gulu lotsogola padziko lonse lapansi lazamlengalenga lomwe lili ndi maofesi pafupifupi 100 ndi malo opangira zinthu zomwe zimapereka chithandizo ndi mayankho padziko lonse lapansi.

Kuyambira pa ntchito yake mpaka pano, G. Ziemelis walandira mphoto zambiri zapamwamba komanso zidziwitso zamakampani. Mu 2016, G. Ziemelis adalandira mphoto yapamwamba ya European Business Award chifukwa cha masomphenya ake otsogolera bizinesi ndi luso lachitukuko. Chaka chomwecho, pansi pa utsogoleri wake, Avia Solutions Group idatchedwa mtsogoleri wadziko lonse mu gulu la Entrepreneurship, ndikupeza malo m'mabizinesi apamwamba a 110 ku Ulaya. Kawiri - mu 2012 komanso mu 2014 - Ziemelis adadziwika kuti ndi m'modzi mwa atsogoleri 40 aluso kwambiri pamakampani azamlengalenga padziko lonse lapansi ndi magazini yotsogola yaku USA ya 'Aviation Week'.

Pantchito yake, Gediminas Ziemelis watenga nawo mbali pamabizinesi ambiri ochititsa chidwi. Pakati pa 2014 - 2017, iye mwini adathandizira ndikufunsana ndi mabanki aku China (kuphatikiza ICBCL, CMBL, ndi Skyco Leasing) zokhudzana ndi ndalama zogulitsira zogulitsa ndege pomwe mtengo wake unali wopitilira US $ 4 bn. 

Pakati pa 2006 - 2019, Wapampando wa Avia Solutions Group adapha ma IPO opambana amakampani 4 ku OMX ndi WSE, amayang'anira nkhani zambiri zama bondi, komanso kukweza ndalama za boma zoposa US$ 400 M.

Ndalama zake zonse ndi $ 1.38 biliyoni, malinga ndi ma TV am'deralo. 

Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews kwa zaka zoposa 20. Iye amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Ulaya. Amakonda kulemba ndi kufalitsa nkhani.

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