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Ndege zonyamula anthu zosaiŵalika m'mbiri

Chithunzi mwachilolezo cha Andreas Munich kuchokera ku Pixabay
Written by Linda S. Hohnholz

Mukauluka, kodi mumakhala ndi ndege yomwe mumakonda? Kodi mukuyembekeza kuti ulendo wanu wotsatira udzakuikani mu ndege yanu yosaiwalika ya jet mumlengalenga? Kodi mungafike polipirako pang'ono kapena kukonza ndege yanu kuti mukwere ndege yomwe mukufuna?

Kodi ndi chiyani? akatswiri mukuganiza kuti ndi zabwino koposa zonse m'mbiri yonse? Tiyeni tiwone ndikuwona zomwe akatswiri ku Artemis Aerospace akunena.

BAC 1-11

Jim Scott - Co-founder ndi mwini wake

Ndege yoyambirira yopangidwa ndi British Aircraft Corporation (BAC), BAC 1-11 idapangidwa poyambilira ndi Hunting Aircraft ngati ndege ya mipando 30, isanaphatikizidwe ndi BAC mu 1960. Kutsatira dongosolo la British United Airways mu 1961. potsirizira pake inakhala pulani ya anthu 80 kuti ipikisane ndi oyambirira Boeing Mitundu 737 yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi onyamula angapo padziko lonse lapansi. Pambuyo paulendo wake woyamba wamalonda mu 1965, ndegeyo idakonzedwanso mu 1967 kuti iwonetse mndandanda wa 500 wotambasula. Jim amawakumbukira bwino:

"Inali ndege yoyamba yapachiweniweni yomwe ndimakumbukira ikuwuluka koyambirira kwa zaka za m'ma 70 komanso gulu lankhondo la Britain Caledonian kuchoka ku Gatwick lomwe limagwira ntchito kopita kutchuthi ku Europe. Kwa ine, anali makina amatsenga omwe anatitengera ku Spain!

WTM London 2022 zidzachitika kuyambira 7-9 Novembala 2022. Lowetsani tsopano!

"BAC 1-11 inali ngati rocket ya m'thumba, yokhala ndi injini ziwiri za Rolls-Royce Spey. Izi zinawonjezera matsenga kwa ine monga wokwera, popeza nthawi zonse pankamveka phokoso lodabwitsa ponyamuka. Inalinso yapadera kwambiri pamipando yoyang'ana mapiko opitilira mapiko komanso kuthekera koyika masitepe apamlengalenga kuchokera pansi pa mchira wake. Mwachibadwa, zinthu zimenezi zinalipo kalekale munthu asanaganize zokulitsa manambala okwera ndi kuchepetsa kulemera chifukwa cha chuma!”

BAe 146 Whisperjet

Deborah Scott - Co-founder ndi mwini wake

Yopangidwa ku UK ndi British Aerospace (kenako BAE Systems), BAe 146 inali kupangidwa kuyambira 1983 mpaka 2001 ndipo ikuwonekabe ikugwira ntchito lero. Zopangidwa ngati ndege zazifupi komanso zachigawo, mitundu yabwino ya ndegeyo idakhazikitsidwa mu 1992 (Avro RJ) ndi 1997 (Avro RJX). Komabe, ma prototypes awiri okha ndi ndege imodzi yopanga ya Avro RJX idapangidwa isanathe kupanga mu 2001. Imodzi mwa ndege zopambana kwambiri zaku Britain zomwe zidapangidwa, Avro RJ/BAe 146 ndi ndege yaying'ono, yowoneka bwino yomwe Deborah amawona kuti inali. isanakwane nthawi yake. Iye akuti:

"Kunali kwabata kwambiri komanso kosavuta, kotero kunali koyenera kumadera omangidwa."

"Itha kubwera motsetsereka kwambiri ndikutera mosavutikira panjira zazifupi zapakati pa mzinda, monga London City Airport. Kwa apaulendo apabizinesi omwe ankayenda maulendo ang'onoang'ono m'ma 1990s, Whisperjet inali yabwino kwambiri poyerekeza ndi njira zina, monga mapasa a injini ya turbo prop F27, yomwe sinkatha kuuluka pamwamba pa nyengo yoipa. Anthu okwera ndegezi amakumana ndi chipwirikiti akamawuluka pa Channel.

“Mapangidwe anzeru a Whisperjet amatanthauza kuti zida zake zinali zocheperako, motero kupangitsa kuti kusamalitsa kukhala kochepa. Mtundu wa QC (Quick Change) unali ndi mipando yokhazikika yomwe imatha kukonzedwanso kuti ikhale yonyamula katundu. Izi zikutanthauza kuti imatha kuwuluka okwera masana ndi katundu usiku - kukongola ndi ubongo. Ndi ndege yodabwitsa bwanji! "

Airbus A380

Dan Frith - Woyang'anira Wothandizira Wothandizira Ndege ndi Beth Wright - Woyang'anira Zogulitsa

Chimodzi mwazowonjezera zaposachedwa kwambiri zakuthambo, zokongola za A380 zokhala ndi thupi lalikulu, mapiko akulu ndi ma turbofans anayi a Rolls-Royce Trent 900, imadziwika nthawi yomweyo ikawulukira m'mwamba.

Idaperekedwa koyamba ku Singapore Airlines mu Okutobala 2007, ndi ndege yayikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo imatha kunyamula anthu opitilira 853 - chifukwa chake imatchedwa Superjumbo. Pachimake chake, ndege zokwana 30 pachaka zinali kupangidwa. Mu 2021, Airbus idalengeza kuti kupanga kwake kutha. Komabe, ndege yotalika kawiri iyi yakhalabe yokondedwa kwambiri pakati pa okonda ndege.

Ndi mavoti awiri a gululi, ukulu wa ndegeyi sunatayike kwa okwera lero.

Dan anali ku Farnborough Air Show mu 2006 kuti awonere pagulu ndipo amakonda zowuluka za A380 kuyambira pamenepo. Iye adati:

“Nthawi yoyamba yomwe ndinanyamuka pa A380 inali paulendo wopita ku Singapore. Ndinali m'nyumba yazachuma, yomwe ndi yotakata kwambiri komanso yabwino. Iyinso ndi ndege yabata kwambiri yomwe ndinakwerapo, yomwe ikuwoneka yodabwitsa chifukwa ilinso yayikulu kwambiri!

Beth, yemwe kale anali ogwira ntchito m'kanyumba ka British Airways, amawayendera kukagwira ntchito komanso kopuma. Amakumbukira bwino onse awiri:

"Ndakhala ndimakonda kuwuluka pa A380. Kwa ndege yayikulu chotere, imakhala yabwino kwambiri ndipo imatengera chipwirikiti - kotero kuti sindimamva kupendekera kwadzidzidzi ndikuyandikira LAX. Apaulendo anali okondwa nthawi zonse kuyendera - adachita chidwi kwambiri ndi masitepe akutsogolo ndi kumbuyo. Ndi kukula kwa ndegeyo, moti ponyamuka, nthawi zambiri ndimakumbukira kuti tikananyamuka tikakhala titasowa njira yothawira ndegeyo!”

Boeing 747SP

Andre Viljoen - Woyang'anira Global Logistics

Mtundu wachidule wa Boeing 747, 747SP idapangidwa kuti ipikisane ndi McDonnell Douglas's DC-10 ndi Lockheed L-1011 TriStar.

Gawo la zombo zodziwika bwino za Pan Am mpaka ndegeyo itasiya kugwira ntchito mu 1991, 747SP idapangidwa ndi pempho la kampaniyo kuti ipange mitundu ya 747 yomwe imatha kunyamula zolipirira zonse, osayima panjira yayitali kwambiri panthawiyo pakati pa New York. ndi Tehran. Kampaniyo idatenga ndege yoyamba, Clipper Freedom, mu 1976.

Poyamba, ndegeyo idatchedwa 747SB kutanthauza 'thupi lalifupi', koma pambuyo pake idakhala SP kuti 'igwire ntchito mwapadera' - kuvomereza kusiyanasiyana kwa ndegeyo komanso kuthamanga kwambiri.

Andre, yemwe kale anali woyendetsa ndege wa South African Airways, akufotokoza chifukwa chake inali ndege yomwe amaikonda kwambiri nthawi zonse:

“Ndidakwera ndege ya 747SP koyamba mu 1979 (JNB-LHR) pomwe inali yatsopano ku zombo za SAA. Zinali zabwino pazofunikira panthawiyo, zomwe zimafuna ndege yothamanga kwambiri, yotalika. Ikuyenda pa Mach 0.86, imatha kufika padenga lake la 45,000 mapazi mwachangu ndikukhala pamenepo motalika kuposa ina iliyonse. Izi zidapangitsa kuti mafuta azigwira bwino ntchito ndipo zidathandizira kukulitsa kuchuluka kwake ndi 1200NM.

"Zinali zosangalatsa kwambiri kuwuluka komanso kukhala ndi phindu la injiniya woyendetsa ndege - china chake chaukadaulo tsopano chadziwika m'mbiri.

"Pamapeto pake, Boeing idangopanga ma airframe 45, koma mapiko ake komanso uinjiniya wake adalengeza kupanga ndege zamtsogolo, monga SUD 300 ndi 747-400.

“Mu 1996, ulendo wanga unafika ponseponse pamene ndinali m’gulu la anthu ogwira ntchito pa ndege ya SAA SP kuchokera ku JNB kupita ku eyapoti yakale ya Kai Tak ku Hong Kong. Pambuyo pausiku wautali wamdima panyanja ya Indian Ocean, kuwulutsa njira yopita ku njanji 13 kunandithandizadi kuyang’ana m’maganizo ndipo kunachititsa tsitsi lakumbuyo kwa khosi langa kuyimirira!”

Ndiye ndi ndege iti yosaiwalika yomwe mudakwerapo? Onjezani yankho ku ndemanga pansipa.

Ponena za wolemba

Linda S. Hohnholz

Linda Hohnholz wakhala mkonzi wamkulu wa eTurboNews kwa zaka zambiri.
Amakonda kulemba ndipo amamvetsera kwambiri tsatanetsatane.
Amayang'aniranso pazinthu zonse zoyambirira komanso zofalitsa.

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