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Occitanie Anapangidwa: Vinyo Wamphamvu Wokhala ndi Mbiri Yosangalatsa

Chithunzi mwachilolezo cha E.Garely

Vinyo wa Languedoc-Roussillon

Masiku ano, vinyo wa Languedoc amaonedwa kuti ndi amodzi mwa vinyo wosangalatsa komanso wamphamvu padziko lonse lapansi ndipo amadziwika kuti ndi wochenjera komanso wovuta. Derali limapanga vinyo wambiri, kupitilira kupanga kwa Bordeaux, Australia, South Africa ndi Chile kuphatikizidwa, kuyimira gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a voliyumu ya French yomwe imafanana ndi mabotolo mabiliyoni atatu a vinyo chaka chilichonse kuchokera ku mahekitala 300,000 a mpesa omwe amalimidwa. Ogula kwambiri a vinyowa (2019) ndi Germany (16 peresenti), USA (13 peresenti), Netherlands (11 peresenti), UK (10 peresenti), Belgium (10 peresenti), ndi China (8 peresenti) ochokera 30 mayina ndi crus kuphatikiza woyera, wofiira, duwa, wonyezimira ndi vinyo wotsekemera. Gawoli limalemba ntchito anthu pafupifupi 165,000 ndipo ndi olemba anzawo ntchito ambiri m'derali, patsogolo pa zokopa alendo komanso makampani opanga ndege.

Merger Amapanga Dzina Latsopano

Mu 2014 zigawo za France zidakonzedwanso ndipo madera akale a Midi-Pyrenees ndi Languedoc-Roussillon adaphatikizidwa kuti apange Chigawo cha Occitanie. Kutsatira kuphatikiza, Occitanie idakhala munda wamphesa waukulu kwambiri ku France pamalo amodzi mosalekeza padziko lonse lapansi, kuphatikiza mahekitala 263,000 pansi pa mpesa, kupanga 33 peresenti ya vinyo waku France. Zimaphatikizapo minda yavinyo 24,000 ndi mabungwe 380 omwe ali ndi 36 peresenti ya olima vinyo omwe amayang'ana kwambiri ulimi wa organic.

Languedoc imapanga pafupifupi 90 peresenti ya gawo; Roussillon amatenga ena 10 peresenti. Onse pamodzi akuimira dera lalikulu kwambiri la France lopanga vinyo ndi dera la mpesa ndipo oposa vinyo mmodzi mwa atatu aku France amapangidwa kuno.

Awa ndi malo obadwirako vinyo wonyezimira, ngakhale Champagne amalandila ngongole.

Chigawo cha vinyo cha Occitanie chili ndi 87 AOP (Appellation d'Origine Controlee) mayina ndi 36 PGI (Protected Geographical Indications) mayina ndi alimi avinyo amatha kudziwa ngati (kapena ayi) akufuna kupanga vinyo wa AOP kapena PGI.

Choyamba, Sparkle

Mu 1531, pa Abbaye de Saint Hilaire (Limoux), amonke adapeza kuti vinyo omwe amapanga adayamba kuphulika mubotolo ndipo zina zonse ndi mbiri. Zikuoneka kuti Dom Perignon adayendera abbey asanakhale ku Champagne ndipo "adabwereka" lingaliro lopanga vinyo wonyezimira ndikuyamba ntchito ku Champagne. Mayina atatu owoneka bwino amderali akuphatikiza Cremant de Limoux, Blanquette de Limoux, ndi Limoux Methode makolo. Thomas Jefferson amadziwika kuti ankakonda fizz ya Limoux ndipo anali vinyo wokhawo wonyezimira m'chipinda chapansi cha Purezidenti.

Sud de France

Ndi chikhumbo chofuna kuwonetsa zomwe zachitika m'dera la Occitanie, mu 2006, Sud de France idakhazikitsidwa ngati njira yowonjezera kubwera kwa alendo kumadera ake ndikupereka chitsimikizo cha khalidwe. Chizindikirocho chinali lingaliro la George Freche, pulezidenti wa Regional Council (2004) yemwe adawona kuti, ngakhale kuti derali linali ndi chuma chambiri komanso chikhalidwe cha anthu, chinali chochepa kwambiri ndipo adatsimikiza mtima kusintha izi. Kupyolera mu Sud de France, zakudya zonse zaulimi ndi vinyo za m'chigawo cha Languedoc-Roussillon zimakwezedwa ndi ambulera imodzi pofuna kutsatsa. Gululi pano likuyendetsedwa ndi Carole Delga ndipo likuphatikiza makampani 1,817 omwe akuyimira zinthu 5,882.

Carole Delga mu 2013. Purezidenti, Regional Council of Occitanie; Member, Socialist Party

Wandale wa ku France, Carole Delga, ndi membala wa Socialist Party (kuyambira 2004) ndipo wakhala Purezidenti wa Occitanie kuyambira 2016. Kuchokera ku 2012-2017 anali membala wa National Assembly ndipo adatumikira Komiti ya Finance ndi Defense. Mu 2014 adatumikira mwachidule monga Mlembi wa State for Trade, Crafts, Consumer and Social Economy and Solidarity pansi pa Minister of Finance and Public Account, Michel Sapin mu boma la Prime Minister Manuel Valls.

Delga imadziwika kuti idavomereza dera lakale la Languedoc-Roussillon panthawi yomwe adapanga Occitanie (dera lomwe lili ndi nzika za 6 miliyoni), osayang'ana ku Toulouse komanso kuphatikiza okhala m'deralo muzokonzekera ndi mapulogalamu ake.

Occitanie/Sud de France Mphamvu

Nyengo m'derali ndi yowonjezera kukula kwa mphesa monga mphepo yamphamvu imabweretsa chinyezi kuchokera kunyanja ndikupereka mpweya wabwino wamapiri kuti uume mipesa. Nthaka imachokera ku miyala yadongo (yowongolera kutentha kwa nthaka) kupita ku schist (slate) ku Saint Chinian komanso dongo ndi choko ku Picpoul de Pinet.

Languedoc-Roussillon imapereka 30+ Dzina la Origine Controlee (AOC) yokhala ndi Corbieres, Fitou, Minervois ndi Cotes de Roussillon odziwika kwambiri ku USA. Malowa amadziwikanso ndi mavinyo ake a Vin de Pays pomwe malamulo osinthika a vinyo amalola kuti zatsopano komanso opanga mavinyo abereke mavinyo osangalatsa, otsogola zipatso, ambiri okhala ndi kuya, kukhazikika komanso kuthekera kokalamba. Opanga vinyo amaloledwanso kutulutsa mphesa kuchokera m'minda yamphesa m'dera lonselo ndipo, kudzera mu mtundu wa Sud de France, ogula amatha kuzindikira ndikusankha vinyo yemwe amakwaniritsa mtengo / mtundu wa equation. Zolembazo, Sud de France, pakadali pano zili ndi zinthu zopitilira 11,000 (zomwe 2,100 ndi organic), kutsatira malamulo 24 osiyanasiyana. Zogulitsa zonse zimawunikiridwa ndi gulu lodziyimira pawokha ndi cholinga chokweza kuzindikirika kwa mayina m'misika yakunja, ndikuyang'ana kwambiri ku Europe, China ndi USA.

Tourism

Pafupi ndi Barcelona, ​​​​Occitanie imaphatikizapo madera a Languedoc-Roussillon ndi Mid-Pyrenees ndipo amadziwika ndi chithumwa cha Montpellier, Toulouse ndi Perpignan omwe amapereka kukongola kwa Kumwera kwa France ndi alendo ochepa kuposa Paris ndi Provence. Malowa ali ndi magombe, minda ya mpesa, mapaki adziko ndi malo azikhalidwe, pamodzi ndi mayendedwe okwera, okwera njinga ndi okwera pamahatchi. Chifukwa ndi malo opangirako vinyo komanso komwe kumachokera vinyo wonyezimira m'tawuni ya Limoux ulendo wa vinyo / zophikira ndiwopambana makamaka ku Collioure (anchovies) ndi Set (nsomba ndi oyster).

Malingaliro a Vinyo a Roussillon

Pa cisila ca kucitika vino cali umu musumba wa New York, nakwata ivyeo ivisuma pakuti napingulapo pali vimwi ivisuma sana ukufuma ku Roussillon. Zotsatirazi ndi zochepa zomwe ndimakonda:

  1. Domaine Cabirau, AOP Cotes du Roussillon 2013. 70 peresenti Grenache Noir, 20 peresenti Syrah, 10 peresenti Carigan Noir.

Purezidenti Dan Kravitz adagula maekala 13.5 a minda yamphesa ku Roussillon (matchulidwe a Cotes du Roussillon omwe adapangidwa mu 1977), ali m'mudzi wa Maury (chigawo cha French Catalonia) mu 2007. Roussillon amadziwika kuti amapanga zowuma, zofiira, zoyera ndi rose. vinyo. Derali limaphatikizapo theka lakum'mawa kwa Pyrenees Orientales (mbali yakum'mawa kwa mapiri a Pyrenees) ndi madera akumunsi a Roussillon.

Munda wamphesawo uli pamtunda wa makilomita 20 kuchokera ku Mediterranean ndi makilomita 20 kumpoto kwa Spain. Dzina lakuti Cabirau lidapangidwa kale zaka 100 zapitazo. Mipesa imabzalidwa pamalo otsetsereka a schist, thanthwe lakuda lomwe limapereka mamineral odziwika ku Grenache.

Dothi lake ndi losakanikirana ndi schist, miyala yamchere, gneiss ndi granite. Zokololedwa pamanja kuchokera ku mpesa wa Grenache wazaka 25-60 wobzalidwa mu dothi la schistous, ndi kusakaniza kwa mipesa yakale ndi yobzalidwa kumene Syrah ndi Carignan. Grenache sichimatuluka pamene Syrah ndi Carignan amakumana ndi fermentation ya malolactic ndi kukhwima kwa miyezi 5 mu 500 I demi-muids (migolo ya oak 600-lita).

zolemba

M'maso, garnet yakuya ikupita ku pinki. Mphuno imapindula ndi kununkhira kwa chitumbuwa cha chitumbuwa, mastrawberries aang'ono, raspberries, blueberries - motsutsana ndi dontho lakumbuyo la licorice, cloves, oak, cola, vanila, maluwa akutchire ndi zonunkhira (ie, tsabola wakuda). Mkamwa amalipidwa ndi zipatso zouma ndi nthaka yonyowa. Wapakati wokhala ndi acidity wofewa komanso matannins ofewa / ozungulira. Kutsirizitsa kwautali kumakulitsidwa ndi tannins. Sakanizani ndi ng'ombe, pasitala ndi nyama yamwana wang'ombe.

  • Domaine du Mas Blanc Collection, AOP Banyuls 1975. Grenache Noir, Grenache Gris.

Mphesa zimakololedwa pamanja ndikupondedwa ndi phazi, zofufumitsa mu chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri ndi yisiti yachibadwidwe ndipo zimakula mu 650-lita oak demi-muids kwa zaka 10.

Mizu ya Domaine du Mas Blanc imatha kutsatiridwa mpaka pakati pa 17th zana, ndi sitepe mpaka 20th m'zaka za 1921 pamene Dr. Gaston Parce anayamba kutsanulira vinyo wake mu botolo ndikukhala mtsogoleri wamkulu wa dzina la Banyuls (1936). Mwana wake, Dr. Andre Parce adatsata mapazi a abambo ake ndikuyamba kutchula dzina la Collioure (1971)

Banyuls ndiye wabwino kwambiri komanso wovuta kwambiri ku Vin Doux Naturels waku France wokhala ndi mipanda yolimba kwambiri, vinyo wakuda yemwe amajambula nyanja, dzuwa ndi miyala. Chifukwa cha kuyandikira kwake kunyanja komwe kumalimbitsa mphamvu zake zoyambirira, zotsatira zake zimakhala zokoma, zofuka zokhala ndi zizindikiro zoyambira panyanja.

Banyuls ndiye kuyankha kwa France ku Port Wine. Ndi yokoma, yamphamvu ndipo imachokera ku Grenache yotengedwa ku mipesa yakale kwambiri ya Domaine du Mas Blanc ya Grenache.

zolemba

Garnet yadzimbiri m'maso, yokhala ndi fungo la doko imawonetsa nkhuni zowotchedwa ndi zotsekemera / zokometsera kumphuno. M'kamwa ndi wolemera ndi yamatcheri, nutmeg, vanila ndi sinamoni. Amapereka chomaliza cha chokoleti chachitali chokoma / chokometsera. Gwirizanitsani ndi Tchizi wa Buluu, Nyama Zochiritsidwa, Chokoleti ndi Khofi, Vanila ndi Caramel, Zipatso Zouma ndi Mtedza.

Uwu ndi mndandanda womwe umayang'ana kwambiri ku Sud De France.

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© Dr. Elinor Garely. Nkhani yakulemba, kuphatikiza zithunzi, sizingatengeredwe popanda chilolezo cholemba kuchokera kwa wolemba.

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Ponena za wolemba

Dr. Elinor Garely - wapadera kwa eTN komanso mkonzi wamkulu, vinyo.travel

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