Dinani apa kuti muwonetse zikwangwani ZANU patsamba lino ndikulipira kuti mupambane

Kuswa Nkhani Zoyenda Education Nkhani Zochita Zoyenda | Malangizo apaulendo USA

Tchuthi za Chilimwe, Zochita Zatchuthi, ndi Kumwa Mowa Moopsa

Gwero: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health. Pitani ku www.niaaa.nih.gov.
Written by Alireza

Chilimwe ndi nthawi yabwino kwambiri yochitira zinthu zakunja komanso kukhala ndi nthawi yochulukirapo ndi abale ndi abwenzi. Kwa anthu ena, ntchitozi ndi monga kumwa mowa. Chilimwe chino, chitanipo kanthu kuti muteteze thanzi lanu ndi la okondedwa anu.

Osambira Akhoza Kulowa Pamutu Pawo
Mowa umasokoneza kuganiza bwino komanso kumawonjezera ngozi, kuphatikiza koopsa kwa osambira. Ngakhale osambira odziwa bwino amatha kupita kutali kuposa momwe ayenera kukhalira ndipo sangathe kubwerera kumtunda, kapena sangazindikire momwe akuzizira kwambiri ndikuyamba kukhala ndi hypothermia. Ochita mafunde amatha kudzidalira mopambanitsa ndi kuyesa kukwera mafunde kupitirira luso lawo. Ngakhale pafupi ndi dziwe, mowa ukhoza kukhala ndi zotsatira zoopsa. Osambira oledzeretsa amatha kuwombana ndi bolodi kapena kudumphira pomwe madzi ndi osaya kwambiri.

Oyendetsa Boti Atha Kutaya Mayendedwe Awo
A US Coast Guard anena kuti kumwa mowa kumapangitsa kuti anthu 18 pa XNUMX aliwonse azifa m'boti zomwe zimadziwika chifukwa chake chachikulu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti mowa ukhale wodziwika kwambiri womwe umayambitsa ngozi zakupha zapamadzi.1 Woyendetsa bwato wokhala ndi magazi oledzera (BAC) a 0.08 peresenti kapena kupitilira apo ali ndi mwayi wopha ngozi yapamadzi nthawi 14 kuposa woyendetsa wopanda mowa m'dongosolo lawo. Kufika pa 0.08 peresenti ya BAC kungafunike zakumwa za 4 mu maola awiri kwa mkazi wapakati (2 lbs) kapena zakumwa 171 mu maola awiri kwa mwamuna wapakati (5 lbs). Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti zovuta za ngozi yowopsa zimayamba kuwonjezeka ndikumwa koyamba.2 Kuphatikiza apo, malinga ndi a US Coast Guard ndi National Association of State Boating Law Administrators, mowa ukhoza kusokoneza kuganiza bwino kwa woyendetsa ngalawa, kusamala, kuona, ndi nthawi yake. Zingathenso kuonjezera kutopa komanso kutengeka ndi zotsatira za kumizidwa m'madzi ozizira. Mavuto akabuka, oyendetsa ngalawa oledzera amakhala opanda zida zokwanira kuti ayankhe mwamsanga ndi kupeza njira zothetsera. Kwa okwera, kuledzera kungayambitse kutsika pamtunda, kugwera pamtunda, kapena ngozi padoko.

Madalaivala Atha Kupita Panjira
Tchuthi zachilimwe ndi zina mwa nthawi zowopsa kwambiri pachaka kukhala panjira. Pamene ali patchuthi, madalaivala angakhale akuyenda njira yachilendo kapena kukwera bwato kapena misasa, ndi zododometsa za ziweto ndi ana m’galimoto. Kuonjezera mowa kusakaniza kuyika moyo wa dalaivala ndi aliyense m'galimoto, komanso anthu ena pamsewu, pangozi. 

Kutaya madzi m'thupi Ndi Ngozi
Kaya muli panjira kapena panja, kutentha ndi mowa kumatha kukhala vuto. Masiku otentha a chilimwe amayambitsa kutaya madzimadzi chifukwa cha thukuta, pamene mowa umapangitsa kuti madzi asamawonongeke chifukwa chokodza kwambiri. Pamodzi, amatha kuyambitsa kutaya madzi m'thupi kapena kutentha thupi.

Tetezani Khungu Lanu
Kutentha kwa dzuwa kumatha kupangitsa kuti pakhale tchuthi chachilimwe. Anthu amene amamwa mowa akamakondwerera padzuwa savala zoteteza ku dzuwa. Ndipo kafukufuku wa labotale akusonyeza kuti mowa umachepetsa kutentha kwa dzuwa kuti uwotchedwe. Zonsezi ndi mbiri yoipa, chifukwa kutentha kwa dzuwa mobwerezabwereza kumawonjezera chiopsezo cha khansa yapakhungu. Kaya mumamwa kapena ayi, onetsetsani kuti mwatsuka padzuwa kuti muwonjezere chisangalalo chanu chachilimwe!

Khalani Otetezeka Ndi Kukhala Athanzi 
Khalani anzeru m’chilimwe—ganizirani musanamwe. Kupeŵa zakumwa zoledzeretsa poyendetsa bwato, kuyendetsa galimoto, kuyendayenda m’chipululu, kusambira kapena kusefukira kungathandizenso inuyo ndi okondedwa anu kukhala otetezeka.

Ngati mukupereka mowa, onetsetsani kuti:

  •  Perekani zakudya zosiyanasiyana zopatsa thanzi komanso zokhwasula-khwasula.
  •  Thandizani alendo anu kufika kunyumba bwinobwino—gwiritsani ntchito madalaivala osankhidwa ndi ma taxi.

Ndipo ngati ndinu kholo, mvetsetsani malamulo akumwa aang’ono—ndipo khalani chitsanzo chabwino.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri za kupewa mavuto ndi mowa chilimwe chino, ndi malangizo ochepetsera, pitani: https://www.RethinkingDrinking.niaaa.nih.gov

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