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Tsogolo la Tourism malinga ndi World Tourism Barometer

Atsogoleri oyendera alendo ndi osavuta kulengeza ndikukondwerera chifukwa chakulimba kwamakampani oyendera mayiko ndi zokopa alendo. Kulimba mtima uku tsopano kumatsimikiziridwa ndi a World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) kutengera zomwe zatulutsidwa lero ndi World Tourism Barometer.

The UNWTO barometer yapangidwa ndi mabungwe onse a World Tourism Organisation kuyambira 2003 ndikuphatikizanso kafukufuku wokhudza gawo lazaulendo ndi zokopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi.

Malingana ndi zakutali UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, ntchito zokopa alendo zapadziko lonse lapansi zawonjezeka ndi 182% pachaka mu Januware-Marichi 2022, pomwe maiko padziko lonse lapansi akulandila obwera padziko lonse lapansi okwana 117 miliyoni poyerekeza ndi 41 miliyoni mu Q1 2021. Mwa owonjezera 76 miliyoni obwera padziko lonse lapansi koyamba miyezi itatu, pafupifupi 47 miliyoni adalembedwa mu Marichi, kuwonetsa kuti kuchira kukukulirakulira.

Mayiko aku Europe ndi America akutsogola kuchira kwa zokopa alendo 

UNWTO Deta ikuwonetsa kuti m'gawo loyamba la 2022, Europe idalandira obwera padziko lonse lapansi kuwirikiza kanayi (+ 280%) monga mu Q1 ya 2021, zotsatira zake zimayendetsedwa ndi kufunikira kwakukulu kwapakati pazigawo. Ku America akufika kuwirikiza kawiri (+117%) m'miyezi itatu yomweyo. Komabe, ofika ku Europe ndi ku America akadali 43% ndi 46% pansi pamilingo ya 2019 motsatana.

Middle East (+ 132%) ndi Africa (+ 96%) adawonanso kukula kwakukulu mu Q1 2022 poyerekeza ndi 2021, koma ofika adatsalira 59% ndi 61% pansi pa 2019 motsatira. Asia ndi Pacific zidalemba chiwonjezeko cha 64% kuposa chaka cha 2021 komanso, milingo inali 93% pansi pa ziwerengero za 2019 popeza malo angapo adatsekedwa kumayendedwe osafunikira.

Ndi subregion, Caribbean ndi Southern Mediterranean Europe akupitiriza kusonyeza ziwopsezo zofulumira kwambiri zochira. M'magawo onse awiriwa, ofika adachira mpaka pafupifupi 75% ya 2019, pomwe ena amafika kapena kupitilira mliri usanachitike.

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Ngakhale zokopa alendo zapadziko lonse lapansi zikukhalabe 61% pansi pamiyezo ya 2019, kuchira kwapang'onopang'ono kukuyembekezeka kupitilira mu 2022, pomwe madera ambiri akuchepetsa kapena kukweza ziletso zapaulendo ndikuwonjezera zomwe zikufunidwa. Pofika pa 2 June, madera 45 (omwe 31 ali ku Europe) analibe zoletsa zokhudzana ndi COVID-19. Ku Asia, madera omwe akuchulukirachulukira ayamba kuchepetsa ziletsozi.

Ngakhale pali chiyembekezo chabwino chotere, mavuto azachuma komanso kuukira kwa asirikali a Russian Federation ku Ukraine kumabweretsa chiwopsezo chakuyambiranso kwa ntchito zokopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi. Kuukira kwa Russia ku Ukraine kukuwoneka kuti kunali ndi zotsatira zochepa pazotsatira zonse mpaka pano, ngakhale zikusokoneza kuyenda ku Eastern Europe. Komabe, mkanganowu ukubweretsa zovuta zazikulu zachuma padziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zikukulitsa mitengo yamafuta okwera kale komanso kukwera kwamitengo komanso kusokoneza njira zapadziko lonse lapansi, zomwe zimabweretsa kukwera mtengo kwa zoyendera ndi malo ogona ku gawo la zokopa alendo.

Ndalama zotumiza kunja kuti zibweze mwachangu momwe ndalama zikukwera 

Nkhani yatsopano ya UNWTO Tourism Barometer ikuwonetsanso kuti US $ 1 biliyoni idatayika pakubweza ndalama zotumizidwa kumayiko ena mu 2021, ndikuwonjezera $ 1 biliyoni yomwe idatayika mchaka choyamba cha mliri. Ndalama zonse zomwe zimatumizidwa kunja kuchokera ku zokopa alendo (kuphatikiza malisiti onyamula anthu) zidafika pafupifupi $ 713 biliyoni mu 2021, chiwonjezeko cha 4% zenizeni kuyambira 2020 koma 61% pansi pamiyezo ya 2019. Malipiro oyendera alendo padziko lonse lapansi adafika ku US $ 602 biliyoni, komanso 4% apamwamba m'mawu enieni kuposa mu 2020. Europe ndi Middle East adalemba zotsatira zabwino kwambiri, zopeza zidakwera pafupifupi 50% ya milingo isanachitike mliri m'magawo onse awiri.

Komabe, ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito paulendo uliwonse zikukwera - kuchokera pa avareji ya US $ 1,000 mu 2019 mpaka US $ 1,400 mu 2021.

Kuchira kwamphamvu kuposa kuyembekezera 

atsopano UNWTO Confidence Index idawonetsa kukweza kodziwika. Kwa nthawi yoyamba kuyambira pomwe mliriwu udayamba, ndondomekoyi idabwereranso mchaka cha 2019, kuwonetsa chiyembekezo chomwe chikukula pakati pa akatswiri azokopa alendo padziko lonse lapansi, kukhazikika pakufuna kwamphamvu, makamaka maulendo aku Europe komanso kupita ku US kupita ku Europe. 

Malingana ndi zakutali UNWTO Kafukufuku wa Panel of Experts, akatswiri ambiri okopa alendo (83%) amawona ziyembekezo zabwinoko za 2022 poyerekeza ndi 2021, bola kachilomboka kaliko ndipo komwe kopitako akupitilirabe kuchepetsa kapena kuletsa zoletsa kuyenda. Komabe, kutsekedwa kosalekeza kwa misika ina yayikulu yotuluka, makamaka ku Asia ndi Pacific, komanso kusatsimikizika kochokera kunkhondo yaku Russia ndi Ukraine, kutha kuchedwetsa kuchira bwino kwa zokopa alendo zapadziko lonse lapansi.

Akatswiri ambiri (48%) tsopano akuwona kubwereranso kwa omwe abwera kumayiko ena kufika ku 2019 mu 2023 (kuchokera pa 32% mu kafukufuku wa Januware), pomwe kuchuluka komwe kukuwonetsa kuti izi zitha kuchitika mu 2024 kapena mtsogolomo (44%) yachepa poyerekeza. ku kafukufuku wa Januware (64%). Pakadali pano, kumapeto kwa Epulo, mpweya wapadziko lonse lapansi kudera la America, Africa, Europe, North Atlantic, ndi Middle East wafika kapena wayandikira 80% yazovuta zomwe zidachitika kale ndipo zofuna zikutsatira.

UNWTO lasinthanso momwe likuyendera mu 2022 chifukwa cha zotsatira zamphamvu kuposa zomwe zimayembekezereka mgawo loyamba la 2022, kuwonjezeka kwakukulu kwa malo osungira ndege, komanso chiyembekezo kuchokera ku UNWTO Confidence Index.

Ofika alendo ochokera kumayiko ena akuyembekezeka kufika 55% mpaka 70% ya 2019 mu 2022, kutengera mikhalidwe ingapo kuphatikiza kuchuluka komwe kopitako akupitilira kukweza zoletsa zapaulendo, kusinthika kwankhondo ku Ukraine, kubuka kwatsopano kwa coronavirus ndi dziko lonse lapansi. chuma, makamaka kukwera kwa mitengo ndi mphamvu.

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Wachinyamata T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz wakhala akugwirabe ntchito zapaulendo komanso zokopa alendo kuyambira ali wachinyamata ku Germany (1977).
Iye adayambitsa eTurboNews mu 1999 ngati nkhani yoyamba yapaintaneti yantchito zapaulendo padziko lonse lapansi.

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