Dinani apa kuti muwonetse zikwangwani ZANU patsamba lino ndikulipira kuti mupambane

Kuswa Nkhani Zoyenda Ulendo Wamalonda Kupita Nkhani Za Boma Makampani Ochereza Nkhani Tourism Nkhani Zoyenda Pamaulendo uganda

Uganda Wildlife Authority imakondwerera Silver Jubilee ndi gala

chithunzi mwachilolezo cha T.Ofungi

Pa June 24, 2022, Boma la Uganda adawonetsa chisangalalo chawo chasiliva mu madzulo obiriwira owoneka bwino komanso osangalatsa amwambo komanso zakudya zabwino ndi zakumwa ku hotela ya The Kampala Sheraton. Zikondwererozo zamutu wakuti "Kupititsa patsogolo kasamalidwe ka nyama zakutchire ndi kusintha kwa madera" zikuwonetsa ntchito zofunika kwambiri pazachuma, chikhalidwe cha anthu, ndi zachilengedwe zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi kuteteza nyama zakutchire posintha madera.

Poyimira olemekezeka nduna yowona za Tourism Wildlife and Antiquities, Hon. Tom Bute, yemwe anali Mlembi Wamkulu, Doreen Katusiime, atavala mwaulemu pamwambowu atavala zobiriwira. Enanso omwe anapezekapo anali a bungwe la ma Trustees ku Uganda Wildlife Authority kuphatikiza Chairman Dr. Panta Kasoma, Executive Director wa UWA Sam Mwandah, Stephen Masaba UWA Director Tourism and Business Development, Executive Director wa Uganda Wildlife Education and Conservation Centre Dr. James Musinguzi, mkulu wa bungwe la Uganda Tourism Board Lilly Ajarova, and her Deputy Bradford Ochieng, Principal Hotel and Tourism Training Institute Amori Miriam Namutose ,Chairman Exclusive Sustainable Tour Operator Association Boniface Byamukama, Civy Tumusiime Chairperson Association of Uganda Tour Operators Sarah Kagingo, Principal Press Secretary at Parliament of Uganda Godfrey Baluku, tourism influencer ndi Editor Africa Tembelea Gladys Kalema Zikusoka, Conservation Through Public Health Makerere University don Dr. Wilbur Aheebwa, Ambassador Attilio Pacifici wa EU ku Uganda, pakati pa akazembe ena angapo ndi ogwira nawo ntchito mu gawo la zokopa alendo.   

Kukoma ntima, kufikila pa chochitika ichi pakhala zochitika zingapo zomwe zidayamba ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa atolankhani pa June 1 - Conservation Conference pa June 21 ndi Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) yokhudzana ndi kuyeretsa msika woyandikana nawo wa Kamwokya ku Kampala pa Juni 23.

A UWA Board of Trustees motsogozedwa ndi wapampando wawo Dr. Panta Kasoma nawonso adawunikira zomwe adakwanitsa kuyambira mkatikati mwa mwezi wa June kukaonana ndi anthu mdera la Bwindi Impenetrable Forest ndi Mt. ma projekiti ndikukambirana madera kuti muthe kuchita bwino.

Iwo adayenderanso ogwira ntchito m’boma la Ruhija ku Bwindi kukayendera nkhani za umoyo wabwino komanso kukambirana za njira zoyendetsera bwino ntchito yawo asanalandire gorilla. kutsatira zinachitikira ku Buhoma sector.  

UWA Mandate

"Kuteteza, kupititsa patsogolo chuma ndi kusamalira bwino nyama zakuthengo ndi malo otetezedwa ku Uganda mogwirizana ndi madera oyandikana nawo ndi ena omwe akuchita nawo gawo kuti apindule ndi anthu aku Uganda ndi dziko lonse lapansi."

History     

Uganda Wildlife Authority idakhazikitsidwa mu Ogasiti 1996 ndi Uganda Wildlife Statue (1996) yomwe idaphatikiza Uganda National Parks and Game department.

zipambano

Ngakhale kuti nduna yolemekezeka idaphonya pachimake pa June 24, adakhalapo kuti afotokoze mbiri ya UWA pamwambo wotsegulira atolankhani pomwe adati zaka 25 zapitazi zakhala zikusintha zambiri kuyambira pomwe bungwe latsopanoli lidakhazikitsidwa zomwe zimapangitsa chitetezo chokwanira. ndi kuteteza nyama zakuthengo ku Uganda. Inatengera zovuta monga kuchepa kwa ndalama, kusowa kwa ndondomeko zamabungwe, komanso antchito okhumudwa omwe amalipidwa mokwanira.

UWA wakhazikitsa maboma olimba, malingaliro oyenera, park General Counterment Mapulani, makonzedwe a Board bungwe.

Chiwerengero cha ogwira ntchito pa nyama zakutchire ku Uganda chakwera kuchoka pa 1,000 mu 1996 kufika pa 2,300. Ndi ntchito yomwe akukonzekera mwezi uno, chiwerengerochi chidzaposa 3,000 posachedwa. Bungweli lagawidwa m'madipatimenti atatu - azamalamulo, azachuma, ndi zokopa alendo. Izi zakulitsidwa kuti ziphatikizepo zamalamulo, kufufuza, nzeru, ntchito zanyama, ndi uinjiniya, komanso kasamalidwe ka anthu ammudzi zomwe zikuwonetsa kukula kwake ndi kuthekera kosintha kusintha kwa kayendetsedwe ka nyama zakuthengo.

Kuwonetsa kufunikira koletsa kuwonjezereka kwa chiwopsezo chapadziko lonse chaupandu wa nyama zakuthengo womwe ukuchulukirachulukira komanso wotsogola kwambiri kunali kukhazikitsidwa kwa magulu apadera monga Canine, Intelligence, Investigations and Prosecution, Special Wildlife Crime Units, ndi khothi lapadera lothana ndi milandu ya nyama zakuthengo.   

Izi zakhudza kwambiri kuthana ndi umbava wa nyama zakuthengo mdziko muno zomwe zidapangitsa kuti UWA izindikirike m'mabwalo akunja monga CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.

Kuphwanyidwa kwa madera otetezedwa kwatetezedwa kwambiri polemba malire a madera onse otetezedwa ndi kulimbikitsa mphamvu za ogwira ntchito m'madera otetezedwa kuti ateteze ntchito zosaloledwa. Kupatulapo East Madi Wildlife Reserve ndi zigawo zina za Mount Elgon National Park, madera ena onse otetezedwa ali ndi malire otetezeka.   

Pakhala kusintha kwakukulu kwa zomangamanga m'madera onse otetezedwa.

Kuchokera ku ofesi yaying'ono ya likulu, UWA idapeza nyumba yatsopano ku Plot 7 Kira Road ndikumanganso nsanja zazitali za Wildlife Towers pamalo oyamba. M'madera otetezedwa, UWA yamanga malo angapo a maofesi komanso antchito oposa 1,700.

Chiwerengero cha alendo opita kumadera otetezedwa chakwera kwambiri kuchoka pa 85,982 mu 1996 kufika pa 323,861 mu 2019 mliri wa COVID-19 usanachitike, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa alendo 237,879. Izi zapangitsa kuti ntchito zokopa alendo zikhale njira yopezera ndalama zambiri zakunja ndikubweretsa, kupitilira US $ 1.5 biliyoni pachaka ndikuthandizira 9% ya GDP.

Gawo la zokopa alendo linalinso kugwiritsa ntchito ntchito 1.173 miliyoni pomwe 670,000 zinali zachindunji, zomwe zidapangitsa 8% ya anthu onse ogwira ntchito mdziko muno. 

Ndalama zomwe zaperekedwa m'mapaki adzikolo zidakweranso kwambiri kuchokera ku UGX 345 miliyoni mu 2006 kufika ku UGX 4.2 biliyoni mu 2019 mliri usanachitike.

Pansi pa lamulo la Uganda Wildlife Act, Revenue Sharing Scheme imapereka 20% ya ndalama zolowera pakhomo ngati thandizo loyenera kugawidwa ndi madera ozungulira madera otetezedwa omwe amaperekedwa kudzera m'maboma ang'onoang'ono. Ndalamazi zakonzedwa pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti anthu akuona ubwino wosamalira zachilengedwe m’madera awo kuti athe kuthandiza kasungidwe ka nyama zakuthengo. Ma projekiti apadera amapangidwa ndi madera omwewo ndikuvomerezana ndi UWA. Momwemonso, madera amathandizira kuteteza kuchepetsa mikangano ya nyama zakuthengo zomwe zimapangitsa mgwirizano.

UWA yalembetsa kuchuluka kwa nyama zakuthengo pazanyama zambiri. Chiwerengero cha anyani a m’mapiri ku Bwindi Impenetrable National Park chawonjezeka kuchoka pa 257 mu 1994 kufika pa anthu 459 mu 2018.

Patangotsala masiku ochepa kuti mwambowu uchitike, UWA inalandira mphatso yabwino kwambiri yobadwa ndi gorilla wamkulu wachikazi dzina lake Betina, wa m'banja la Mukiza, kuwonjezera kwatsopano ku Ruhija.

Chiwerengero cha njovu chinakwera kuchoka pa 1,900 mu 1995 kufika pa anthu 7,975 mu 2020; njati kuchokera pa 18,000 mu 1995 kufika pa 44,000 pofika 2020; ndipo chiwerengero cha giraffe kuchokera pa anthu 250 mu 1995 kufika pa 2,000 mu 2020. Chiwerengero cha mbidzi za Burchell chinawonjezeka kuchoka pa 3,200 mu 1995 kufika pa 17,516 pofika 2020. Zipembere zomwe zinanenedwa kuti zatha ku Uganda ndipo tsopano za 1995 chiwerengero cha anthu chili pa anthu 35 pofika 2022.  

Nduna yolemekezekayi ikunena kuti kuchuluka kwa nyama zakuthengo kukukulirakulira chifukwa cha zinthu zingapo zochokera ku mfundo zabwino za boma, kasamalidwe koyenera ka chilengedwe, komanso kukweza kwa UWA popereka chitetezo ku nyama zakuthengo komanso kutengapo gawo kwa anthu pantchito zosamalira nyama zakuthengo.

UWA yakhala ikukumba kwazaka zambiri m'mabwinja opitilira 500 km m'malire osankhidwa a paki kuphatikiza Queen Elizabeth, Kibale, ndi Murchison Falls National Parks Pofuna kuchepetsa ndi kuchepetsa mikangano ya nyama zakuthengo. Ndi ngalande zakuya mamita 2 ndi 2 mamita ndipo ndizothandiza kwambiri polimbana ndi nyama zazikulu zoyamwitsa. Ming'oma ya njuchi yopitilira 11,000 yagulidwanso ndikugawidwa m'magulu osiyanasiyana. Ming'oma yayikidwa m'malire a malo otetezedwa. “Kuluma ndi kuphokoso kwa njuchi kumakwiyitsa ndi kuopseza njovu pamene uchi umene umatengedwa mumng’oma umagulitsidwa kuti upeze ndalama ndi kupititsa patsogolo moyo wa anthu,” adatero Mwandah.

Laboratory yapamwamba kwambiri ya Biosafety Level 2 inamangidwa ku Mweya ku Queen Elizabeth National Park. Laborator imatha kuzindikira ndikutsimikizira matenda osiyanasiyana a nyama (zanyama zakuthengo ndi ziweto) kuchokera ku ma virus, mabakiteriya, mafangasi, ndi protozoa. Laborator imathanso kufufuza matenda a anthu. Malo otsika a Biosafety level 1 adamangidwanso ku Murchison Falls National Park kuti athandizire kasamalidwe ka matenda a nyama zakuthengo popewa, kuzindikira. ndi kuyankha.

UWA ili ndi luso lotha kusamutsa nyama zakuthengo mkati ndi kunja kwa madera otetezedwa, kusamutsa nyama zakuthengo zopitilira 601 mzaka 10 zapitazi, makamaka giraffe, impala, mbidzi, buluu wa Jackson, nkhumba zazikulu za m'nkhalango, eland, waterbuck, ng'ona, ndi topi, ndi zina zotero. Zolinga zake zikuchokera pakulimbana ndi mikangano pakati pa anthu ndi nyama zakutchire, maphunziro oteteza zachilengedwe, kukula kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zamoyo, zokopa alendo, komanso kasamalidwe ka zomera zokulirapo makamaka Acacia hockii ndi kuswana. Pofika 2020, nyama zomwe zidasamutsidwazo zikuyerekezeredwa kuti zidachulukana kufika pa anthu 1,530.

Masomphenya otani a zaka 25 zikubwerazi?

Buttime akuchenjeza kuti kwa zaka 25 zikubwerazi “Komabe, tisaiwale kufunika kochita zambiri kuti tithane ndi mikangano ya anthu ndi nyama zakuthengo ndi kuchepetsa ngozi zakupha nyama zomwe zidakalipobe.”

Iye akupempha anthu onse a ku Uganda ndi ogwira nawo ntchito oteteza ndi kukopa alendo kuti alimbikitse ndi kutenga nawo mbali pazochitika zomwe zili pamwambazi pokondwerera chochitika chachikulu cha kusunga nyama zakuthengo ku Uganda Wildlife Authority.

Kutsatira gala, Woyang'anira wotanganidwa wa UWA Communications, Hangi Bashir, adauza eTurboNews: "Tikufuna kuphatikizira zopindula zazaka 25 zapitazi, kuthana ndi mikangano ya Human Wildlife, kutengera luso lamakono pakusamalira mwachitsanzo. Chifukwa chiyani tiyenera kukhala ndi oyang'anira 10,000 m'malo mwa makamera akumunda? Panopa tikugwiritsa ntchito earth ranger solution' pozindikira umbanda mu nthawi yeniyeni ku Murchison Falls komwe timayang'anira pakiyo pazenera ndi kutumiza oyang'anira pakachitika ngozi. Tidzatengeranso ma drones ndi misampha ya kamera tikamapita kumapaki ena. ”

Mtolankhani wathu wa eTN pamwambo wotsegulira mwambowu atamukakamiza, woyang’anira ntchito zokopa alendo ndi malonda a Stephen Masaba anasiya kuletsa mapulasitiki ogwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi m’madera otetezedwa koma anatsindika kuti kuteteza chilengedwe ndi zinthu zachilengedwe ndi udindo wa aliyense. Ananenanso kuti UWA ili ndi chindapusa chokhwima pakutaya zinyalala m'mapaki mpaka UGX X 100,000 (pafupifupi US $ 30). Ananenanso kuti: “Kwa zaka 25 zikubwerazi, UWA ikufuna kulandira alendo 1 miliyoni. Isanafike COVID-19 tinali ndi alendo 325,000. Kuti tikwaniritse izi tazindikira kufunikira koyika [m] malo ogona apamwamba, ndipo [ti]pitiliza kutsatsa malo ogona okwera mtengo komanso apamwamba, ndikuteteza zinthu zomwe tidzawonetsetsa kuti pakhale njira zokhazikika zomwe ziwonetsetse kuti nyama zakuthengo ndi chuma zikuyenda bwino. otetezedwa ndipo chilichonse chikachitika, taphunzira maphunziro athu mzaka ziwiri zapitazi, ndipo tidzagwiritsa ntchito njira zamphamvu kuwonetsetsa kuti sitikumenyedwa chifukwa chokhala ngati COVID. ” 

"Kupangidwa kwa malo osungirako zachilengedwe ku Uganda kudanenedwa modabwitsa kuti ndi othandizana nawo poteteza zachilengedwe" pomwe matenda a rinderpest ndi matenda ogona adakakamiza anthu kuti awonongeke momvetsa chisoni ndikuchoka. Murchison Falls, malo osungirako zachilengedwe aakulu kwambiri ku Uganda (3,893 sq km), ndi Queen Elizabeth National Park (1978 sq km) adakhazikitsidwa mu 1952.

"Chaka cha 2006 chinali chochitika chinanso chokondwerera zaka 100 kuyambira ulendo woyamba wa sayansi kupita pachimake cha "mapiri a Mwezi" a 5109M Ruwenzori motsogozedwa ndi Luigi Amedeo di Savoy wa ku Italy, Duke wa Abruzzi. Izi zinali kubwereza kukwera phiri kwa mbadwa za ku Uganda ndi ku Italy zochokera ku Alpine brigade zomwe zimatchedwa "mapazi a kalongayo." Nthumwi zotsogozedwa ndi wolemba uyu m'malo mwa Uganda Tourism Board zidawonetsanso chochitika chazaka zana pa BIT Milan Expo mu February chaka chimenecho chisanakwere komaliza mu June.

"Pakadali pano, UWA imayang'anira malo osungirako nyama 10, malo osungira nyama zakuthengo 12, ndi madera 5 a nyama zakuthengo. Limaperekanso chitsogozo ku malo osungira nyama zakuthengo 14 ndipo lili ndi udindo woyang’anira nyama zakuthengo mkati ndi kunja kwa madera otetezedwa.”

Zaka zaposachedwa, omenyera ufulu wa Association for the Conservation of Bugoma Forest ACBF, Climate Action Network Uganda, mwa ena apempha kukhazikitsidwa kwa 41,000 sq km ya Bugoma Forest Central Reserve kumadzulo kwa Uganda kuti ikwezedwe kukhala malo osungirako zachilengedwe kuti apulumutse ku chiwonongeko chopanda phindu kuyambira pomwe Hoima Sugar ikugwira ntchito yolimbana ndi nkhalango yolima shuga kuyambira pomwe ufumu wa Bunyoro Kitara unabwereketsa 22 sq miles ku fakitale mu 2016.

Malo osungirako nyama zakutchire a Pian Upe ku Eastern Uganda akuganiziridwanso kuti akwezedwe kukhala malo osungirako zachilengedwe zomwe zidzatsimikizire chitetezo ndi kuyang'anira bwino pogwiritsa ntchito luso la UWA.

M'zaka 25 zikubwerazi ndi kupitirira apo, tisaiwale kukondwerera ndikuzindikira alonda omwe adalipira mtengo wokwanira poteteza nyama zakuthengo ndi malo okhala m'dzina lachitetezo, zonse poyang'anizana ndi ziwopsezo zochokera ku nyama zakuthengo koma makamaka kwa iwo okha. -kufunafuna anthu anzawo.

Nkhani Zogwirizana

Ponena za wolemba

Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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