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Malo otchuka kwambiri ku America mu 2022

Malo otchuka kwambiri ku America mu 2022
Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama
Written by Harry Johnson

Bungwe la National Trust for Historic Preservation lero likuwulula mndandanda wawo wapachaka womwe ukuyembekezeredwa kwambiri wa Malo 11 Oopsa Kwambiri Akale ku America.

Masamba khumi ndi amodzi omwe ali pamndandanda wa 2022 akuyimira chithunzi champhamvu chambiri yaku America.

Zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana, mbiri, ndi madera omwe adawonetsedwa pamndandanda wa 2022 amathandizira kuwonetsa momwe kufotokozera nkhani yonse kungathandizire munthu aliyense kudziwona akuwonekera m'mbuyomu yadziko lathu.

Mndandanda wa chaka chino ukuunikira mitu yofunika kwambiri yomwe yakhazikitsa mbiri ya dziko lathu - kufunafuna ufulu wa munthu aliyense, kufuna chilungamo ndi chilungamo chofanana, kuumirira kuti pakhale mawu pakati pa anthu, ndi zolimbana zomwe zikuchitika kuti malotowa akwaniritsidwe.

Chaka chilichonse, mndandandawu umakhala ndi zitsanzo zofunika kwambiri zamamangidwe ndi chikhalidwe cha dziko lathu zomwe, popanda kuchitapo kanthu komanso kulengeza mwachangu, zidzatayika kapena kuwonongeka kosatheka. Chifukwa cha khama la National Trust ndi ntchito yokhudzika ya mamembala athu, opereka ndalama, nzika zokhudzidwa, osapindula ndi opeza phindu, mabungwe aboma, ndi ena, kuyika pa 11 Mndandanda wambiri nthawi zambiri ndi chisomo chopulumutsa pazizindikiro zofunika zachikhalidwe. M'mbiri yazaka 35 za mndandanda wa Malo 11 Oopsa Kwambiri ku America, ochepera asanu peresenti ya malo opitilira 300 omwe adawonedwa adatayika.

"Malo khumi ndi amodziwa omwe ali pachiwopsezo akukumana ndi zovuta kwambiri ndipo ngati atayika, titaya gawo lofunikira lankhani yathu yonse," atero a Katherine Malone-France, Chief Preservation Officer wa National Trust. "Powaphatikiza pamndandandawu, tili ndi mwayi wozindikira kufunika kwawo ndikumenyera nkhondo kuti tiwateteze, m'malo mowawona akusokonekera m'dziko lathu ndikukumbukira. Kupyolera mu mndandanda wa chaka chino timathandizira kukulitsa chizindikiritso cha Amereka kudzera m'malo omwe amafotokozera nkhani zofunika kwambiri, koma zambiri zomwe zidanyalanyazidwa kale kapena zobisika dala. Zikakumbukiridwa ndi kuzindikiridwa, zimalemeretsa ndi kukulitsa kudzimvetsetsa kwathu monga munthu payekha komanso ngati anthu aku America. ”

Mndandanda wa 2022 wa Malo 11 Oopsa Kwambiri ku America (mu zilembo za chigawo/gawo):

Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama

Brown Chapel AME Church adathandizira kwambiri pamaulendo a Selma kupita ku Montgomery omwe adathandizira kuti lamulo la Ufulu Wovota la 1965 lidutsidwe. Kuwonongeka koopsa kwa chiswe kwakakamiza a Brown Chapel kuti atseke zitseko za mipingo yomwe ikugwira ntchito komanso kuyendera anthu kuti ziwonekere zamtsogolo. Bungwe la Historic Brown Chapel AME Church Preservation Society, Incorporated, likufunafuna mayanjano, zothandizira, ndi chithandizo kuti zitsimikizire kuti malo opatulikawa apitilize kutumikira anthu ammudzi komanso dziko lonse lapansi ngati kuwala kwa chiyembekezo cha kusintha kwabwino ndi kufanana.

Camp Naco, Naco, Arizona

Camp Naco ndimwala wokhudza mbiri ya Asitikali a Buffalo komanso mwambo wonyada wa magulu ankhondo akuda pambuyo pa Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni. Zomangidwa ndi Asitikali ankhondo aku US kuyambira 1919, nyumba za adobezi ndi zokhazo zomwe zatsala m'misasa yokhazikika 35 yomwe idamangidwa panthawiyo kumalire a US-Mexico. Msasawo utachotsedwa ntchito mu 1923, malowa adadutsa eni ake angapo ndipo akhala akuvutika ndi kuwonongeka, kukhudzidwa, kukokoloka, ndi moto. Mzinda wa Bisbee tsopano uli ndi Camp Naco ndipo ukugwira ntchito limodzi ndi Naco Heritage Alliance ndi mabungwe ena kuti adziwe ndalama zofunikira komanso maubwenzi kuti abwezeretse nyumba za msasa za mbiri yakale ndikuzitsitsimutsa kwa anthu, zokopa alendo, ndi maphunziro.

Chicano/a/x Community Murals of Colorado

Zithunzi zamtundu wa Chicano/a/x zomwe zili ku Colorado konsekonse zimawunikira dziko lonse la Chicano/a/x Movement of the 1960s and 70s yomwe inkaphatikiza kulimbikitsa ndale ndi maphunziro azikhalidwe kudzera muzaluso. Masiku ano, zojambulajambula zamphamvu zikuopsezedwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikizapo kusowa kwa chitetezo chalamulo, gentrification, ndi nyengo yovuta ya Colorado. Chicano/a/x Murals of Colorado Project ikufuna thandizo kuti liziyesetsa kufufuza, kusankha, kuteteza, ndi kusunga zinthu zofunika zachikhalidwe izi.

Deborah Chapel, Hartford, Connecticut

Deborah Chapel, chitsanzo chosowa komanso choyambirira chaku America cha mwambo wamaliro wachiyuda, ukuyimira utsogoleri wamphamvu wa azimayi m'zaka za zana la 19 zipembedzo ndi magulu achiyuda. Mpingo wa Beth Israel wapempha chilolezo kuti ugwetse nyumbayi ngakhale kuti inalembedwa m’mbiri ya dziko ndi boma. Othandizira kuti apulumutsidwe - kuphatikizapo okhala m'madera oyandikana nawo, akatswiri achiyuda, osapindula, Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office, ndi City of Hartford - akulimbikitsa mwiniwake kuti agwire ntchito ndi okhudzidwa kuti aganizire za kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwatsopano kapena kusamutsa umwini kuti atetezedwe.

Francisco Q. Sanchez Elementary School, Humåtak, Guam

Yomangidwa mu 1953 ndipo inapangidwa ndi katswiri wa zomangamanga wa Modernist Richard Neutra, Francisco Q. Sanchez Elementary School inali mudzi wa sukulu yokha ya Humåtak mpaka inatsekedwa mu 2011. Masiku ano, nyumbayi ilibe munthu, yosagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndipo ikuwonongeka. Meya wa Humåtak a Johnny Quinata, a Guam Preservation Trust, ndi ena akulimbikitsa kugawa ndalama mwachangu kuchokera ku Boma la Guam kotero kuti sukuluyo ibwezeretsedwe kukhala maziko a moyo wa chikhalidwe cha mudzi.

Minidoka National Historic Site, Jerome, Idaho

Mu 1942, boma la US linachotsa mokakamiza anthu 13,000 aku Japan aku America ku Pacific Northwest kupita komwe kumadziwika kuti Minidoka War Relocation Camp kumidzi yakumwera chapakati cha Idaho. Masiku ano, malo opangira mphepo pafupi ndi Minidoka National Historic Site, yomwe ingaphatikizepo kumanga ma turbines mkati mwa mbiri yakale ya msasawo, ikuwopseza kuti isintha mawonekedwe omwe akuwonetsabe kudzipatula komwe aku America aku Japan omwe ali m'ndende kumeneko. Anzake a Minidoka ndi anzawo akulimbikitsa Bureau of Land Management kuti ateteze Minidoka National Historic Site ngati malo ophunzirira ndi machiritso.

Zithunzi za Cave, Warren County, Missouri

Imaganiziridwa kuti ndi imodzi mwamaulalo opatulika komanso ofunikira kwambiri pa moyo wa makolo a Osage ku Missouri, Phanga la Chithunzi lili ndi mazana azithunzi zanthawi ya Late Woodland ndi Mississippian ya mbiri ya Osage. Ngakhale dziko la Osage lidayesa kugula malo omwe anali ndi Phanga la Chithunzi mu 2021, malowo adagulitsidwa kwa wogula osadziwika yemwe sanalankhulepo ndi Osage Nation ngakhale adayesa kufalitsa. Atsogoleri a mafuko akuyembekeza kulimbikitsa mwiniwake watsopano kuti apereke mwayi wopita ku Osage Nation komanso kuteteza ndi kulemekeza malo opatulikawa.

Brooks-Park Home ndi Studios, East Hampton, New York

The Brooks-Park Home ndi Studios amafotokoza nkhani yolimbikitsa ya akatswiri ojambula a Abstract Expressionist James Brooks (1906-1992) ndi Charlotte Park (1918-2010) panthawi yovuta kwambiri m'mbiri ya luso la ku America. Chiyambire kumwalira kwa ojambulawo, kuwononga zinthu, nyama zakuthengo, ndi kunyalanyazidwa kwakhudza kwambiri nyumba zomwe zakhala zikuwonongeka. Brooks-Park Arts and Nature Center ikuyembekeza kuyanjana ndi Town of East Hampton kuti akonzenso nyumbazo ngati malo ochitira masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso zachilengedwe zomwe zimakondwerera zomwe akatswiri aluso onse adatengera, koma Town iyenera kuvota kuti ivomereze kusungidwa, ndipo ndalama zowonjezera ndi mgwirizano zizikhala. zofunika.

Palmer Memorial Institute, Sedalia, North Carolina

Yakhazikitsidwa mu 1902 ndi mphunzitsi wapansi Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Palmer Memorial Institute inasintha miyoyo ya ophunzira oposa 2,000 a ku America ku America asanatseke mu 1971. Masiku ano, atatu mwa malo ake ogona omwe kale anali opanda anthu ndipo sali otetezeka kuti alowemo. The North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, North Carolina African American Heritage Commission, Division of State Historic Sites, Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum, ndi Town of Sedalia akuyembekeza kuti ma dorms abwezeretsedwanso kuti akhalenso gawo lofunikira. za anthu ammudzi ndikuthandizira kufotokoza nkhani yonse ya moyo wa ophunzira ku Palmer Memorial Institute.

Manda a Olivewood, Houston, Texas

Yophatikizidwa mu 1875, Olivewood ndi amodzi mwa manda akale odziwika bwino a ku Africa America ku Houston, omwe ali ndi maliro opitilira 4,000 pamalo ake a maekala 7.5. Masiku ano, nyengo yoopsa chifukwa cha kusintha kwa nyengo ikukokoloka komanso kuwononga manda. Gulu lopanda phindu la Descendants of Olivewood, Inc., loyang'anira mandawa, achita kafukufuku wathunthu kuti afotokoze kukula kwa chiwopsezochi ndikuzindikira njira zodzitetezera komanso zochepetsera, koma olimbikitsa amafunikira mgwirizano ndi ndalama kuti akwaniritse mapulaniwa.

Jamestown, Virginia

Malo oyambilira a kukhazikika kwachingerezi ku North America komanso likulu loyamba la chigawo cha Virginia, Jamestown akuyimira kusakanikirana kwa zikhalidwe ku North America, kuyambira zaka 12,000 za mbiri yakale mpaka kufika kwa nzika zaku England komanso kusamuka mokakamizidwa kwa anthu akapolo. ku Africa. Kafukufuku wofukulidwa m'mabwinja wapeza pafupifupi 85 peresenti ya linga la m'zaka za zana la 17, umboni wa nyumba, ndi zinthu zoposa 3 miliyoni. Koma masiku ano, kukwera kwa nyanja, mikuntho, ndi kusefukira kwa madzi mobwerezabwereza chifukwa cha kusintha kwa nyengo zikuwopseza malo oyambirira. Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation ikufunika othandizana nawo komanso ndalama zothandizira kukhazikitsa mapulani othana ndi kusintha kwanyengo. 

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Ponena za wolemba

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson wakhala mkonzi wa ntchito ya eTurboNews kwa zaka zoposa 20. Iye amakhala ku Honolulu, Hawaii, ndipo kwawo ndi ku Ulaya. Amakonda kulemba ndi kufalitsa nkhani.

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