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Paradaiso Akupita Pawonetsero ku Reggia di Caserta

Chithunzi chovomerezeka ndi M.Masciullo

Kuyambira pa Julayi 1 mpaka Okutobala 16, nyumba yachifumu yokhala ndi mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana, a Tsamba la UNESCO Heritage, adzakhala ndi chionetsero chamutu Zidutswa za Paradaiso, Gardens pa nthawi ya Reggia di Caserta, yoyendetsedwa ndi Reggia di Caserta Mtsogoleri Tiziana Maffei, Alberta Campitelli ndi Alessandro Cremona.

M'zipinda za Queen's Apartment moyang'anizana ndi mawonekedwe okongola osayerekezeka a Royal Park ndi ziwonetsero zake zamadzi, zidzakondwerera kuti ndizokwanira komanso zosungidwa bwino kwambiri zokhalamo zomwe Charles de Bourbon, Mfumu ya Naples kuyambira 1734, ndi mkazi wake, Maria Amalia wa ku Saxony, adapatsidwa ntchito yowonetsa mphamvu zawo ndi chikhalidwe chawo chapamwamba cha cosmopolitan pachiwonetsero chomwe kachitidwe kake katsopano kamaphatikiza kafukufuku wasayansi ndi kumva modabwitsa.

Pafupifupi ziwonetsero 200 kuphatikiza zojambulajambula, zojambulajambula, ziboliboli, herbaria, mabuku, ndi zojambula zaluso pamodzi ndi zithunzi zojambulidwa ndi zowonetsera zimafotokozera mbiri yamundawu wokhala ndi mitu ndi nkhani zomwe zimatengera Reggia di Caserta kuti ziwonekere ndikulongosola zonse. machitidwe a ma villas ndi minda yomwe imadutsana ndikuphatikiza peninsula yonse kuyambira ku Renaissance mpaka koyambirira kwa zaka za 19th. Chotsatira chake ndi kaleidoscope ya zizindikiro zomwe, mumitundu yosiyanasiyana ya malo awo, zitsanzo za chikhalidwe, ndi moyo, kupyolera mu kukhudzana ndi chilengedwe, zimagwirizanitsa munda wotayika wa Edeni umene munthu wakhala akuulakalaka kuyambira kalekale.

“Mapaki ndi minda yakale kwambiri ndi mbali ya chikhalidwe chakuya kwambiri ku Ulaya.”

Tiziana Maffei anawonjezera kuti: "Ndipo udindo wa luso la Italy ndi mawonekedwe m'mbuyomu ndi wosakayikitsa, koma lero, potsiriza, tikuzindikira izi. Lingaliro lopereka gawo linalake la ndalama za PNRR kukonzanso ndi kuyang'anira malo odabwitsawa zimatipatsa mwayi wosamalira cholowa ichi, chamtengo wapatali monga momwe chilili chosalimba.

“Chiwonetsero cha ku Reggia di Caserta, chopangidwa ndi kafukufuku wovuta kwambiri womwe wakhudza mgwirizano wa mabungwe ndi akatswiri amitundu yambiri, akuwonetsa, kwa akatswiri ndi omvera ambiri, malingaliro osiyanasiyana obisidwa pazithunzi zing'onozing'ono za Paradaiso panthawiyo. ndikuwunikiranso kufunika kowateteza mwachangu kuti atsimikizire kupezeka kwawo kwathunthu ndi mwayi wopereka kukongola kwawo kwa mibadwo yamtsogolo. "

Poyang'ana mbali zosiyanasiyana za mbiri ya Reggia di Caserta's Royal Park, chiwonetsero cholemerachi chikuwunikiranso mbiri ya "munda" motere.

Lingaliro lachidziŵitso losalekeza la malingaliro a anthu m’zaka mazana ambiri ndi m’zitukuko zosiyanasiyana, lingaliroli latulutsa zitsanzo zamitundumitundu. Mapangidwe okhazikika a minda mumayendedwe achi Italiya kapena achi French, kapena mawonekedwe a laissez-faire a minda yachingerezi, molingana ndi chitukuko cha sayansi ya botanical, amawonetsa zikhalidwe zosiyanasiyana zomwe zidawafotokozera.

“Popanga minda,” anatero Alberta Campitelli, “anthu anafuna kutulutsa lingaliro lakuti chilengedwe chinali chakuda ndi chowopsa. Malo ogwirizana olamuliridwa komanso olinganizidwa bwino m'munda ndi kachinthu kakang'ono kolamuliridwa ndi munthu komanso kosangalatsa kwa Munda wa Edeni.

"Mitu ingapo imadutsa m'mundamo: Munda ndi nkhani yolumikizidwa ndi zizindikiro; ndi ulendo wotulukira; ndiko kufalitsa mauthenga; ndiko kuyesa kwasayansi; ndi chamoyo chimene chimabadwa, chimasintha ndi kutha.

“Kujambulidwa m’chithunzichi kumapangitsa munthu kukhala ndi moyo wosafa, kumasonyeza kamphindi kakang’ono kaulemu ndi kukondwerera amene akuisamalira. M’zojambula zochititsa chidwi kwambiri za zithunzi zimene zimapanga chionetserocho, alendo amalowa m’dziko lochititsa chidwili limene aliyense angapezemo paradaiso wakewake.”

Museo Verde del Complesso Vanvitelliano (nyumba yobiriwira yobiriwira ya Vanvitellian complex) ili ndi paki okhala ndi mahekitala a 123, 60 omwe ndi nkhalango, ndi ngalande zokwana 40 km zomangidwa kuyambira 1752 mpaka kapangidwe koyambirira kopangidwa ndi Luigi Vanvitelli ngati malo otseguka olumikizidwa ndi Royal Palace yomwe cholinga chake chinali kudabwitsa dziko lapansi. Imalumikizana bwino ndi zikhalidwe za Charles waku Bourbon ndi agogo ake odziwika a Louis XIV komanso mtundu wapadziko lonse wa Versailles, ndi amayi ake otsogola kwambiri a Elisabetta Farnese komanso chikoka chakumpoto kwa Europe cha mkazi wake Maria Amalia waku Saxony.

Mapangidwe odabwitsawa adalemeretsedwanso patatha zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi ndi Garden Garden yachingelezi yanzeru komanso yochititsa chidwi yomwe Maria Carolina waku Lorraine adachita. Imaphatikiza mawonekedwe amadzi ndi akasupe ndi kuphatikizika koyenera ku malo apadera owoneka bwino a phiri la Vesuvius, motero kukhala malo abwino owonetsera momwe mundawo ulili amodzi mwa malo osangalatsa komanso osalimba. zinthu za ku Europe, makamaka za chikhalidwe cha ku Italy.

“Poloŵa m’paki ya Reggia di Caserta,” anatero Alessandro Cremona, “munthu amamizidwa m’matanthauzo aliwonse amene munda wa Kumadzulo, ndi munda wa Italiya, makamaka, umadzazidwa nawo. Ubale ndi "malo okhala" ndi malo ozungulira, zosangalatsa ndi zothandiza, zolinga zachikondwerero ndi zazikulu, komanso malingaliro amalingaliro ndi kukoma pakati pa mapangidwe okhazikika ndi 'kalembedwe kachingerezi' kameneka. Chiwonetserochi chimatsogolera alendo kudutsa m’njira yodabwitsa kwambiri imeneyi, akudutsa m’bwalo lakumwamba la dimba lopakidwa utoto ndi loyerekezedwa, zomwe zimachititsa alendo “kukondwera” ndi masomphenya a minda yokongola ya Vanvitelli.”

Magawo osiyanasiyana aliwonse ali ndi ntchito zambiri, zambiri zomwe sizinawonedwepo pagulu, kuchokera ku malo osungiramo zinthu zakale odziwika ku Italy ndi ku Europe ndi mabungwe, zosonkhanitsira zapadera, malaibulale, ndi mabungwe ena aboma. Ojambula ambiri omwe amakondwerera akuphatikizapo akatswiri a Gaspar van Wittel, Claude Lorrain, Paolo Anesi, Pietro ndi Gianlorenzo Bernini, Hubert Robert, Hendrick van Cleve III, Jules-César-Denis van Loo, Giusto Utens, Joseph Heintz wamng'ono ndi ena. vedutisti wotchuka, ndi udindo wotsogola akuseweredwa, ndithu mwachibadwa, ndi Jacob Philipp Hackert amene anapereka kwambiri ntchito yake ku minda ndi malo ku Campania ndi kum'mwera kwa Italy.

Magawowa akupanga mitu yomwe imachokera ku Reggia di Caserta ndi mbiri yake, ndikuyiyerekeza ndikuiyerekeza ndi zotsatira za ma komisheni ena ndi zina:

- Reggia di Caserta ndi zitsanzo zake, ndi zithunzi zokondweretsedwa za Reggia di Caserta's Royal Park yomwe ili pambali ya minda yomwe Charles ndi Maria Amalia ankadziwa ndikuikonda m'mayiko omwe adachokera komanso zomwe zinawathandiza kupanga kukoma kwawo;

- munda ndi malo, ubale womwe umasonyezedwa mu malingaliro a minda yodziwika bwino yomwe imachokera ku Campania kupita ku Lazio, Marche, Tuscany, ndi Piedmont, yojambulidwa ndi akatswiri ojambula kwambiri a nthawi zosiyanasiyana;

- dimba monga momwe siteji yakhazikitsidwa ikuwonetsera momwe mawonetseredwe a mphamvu, zikondwerero, ndi zisudzo zakhala zili ndi minda monga momwe amasankhira, zomwe zimasinthidwa kuti zigwirizane ndi zochitika zenizeni zomwe zimachitika;

- madzi ndi minda momwe madzi ndi ochititsa chidwi kwambiri amadzi, akasupe, ndi mitsinje yamadzi, komanso akupereka mawonekedwe okondedwa a nyanja, mitsinje, ndi nyanja;

- dimba ndi chipululu ndi ulemu ku nkhalango ndi madera omwe amaphatikizana ndi nyumba zokhalamo ndi minda, kuyambira pachikhalidwe cha minda ya Medici mpaka zaka za zana la 19;

- munda monga malo a nkhani zachipembedzo ndi nthano, kuchokera ku chithunzi cha Khristu "wolima munda" kudzera m'nthano ndi zolemba zolemba komanso mpaka kuphatikizapo zongopeka za nyengo, monga za Pietro ndi Gianlorenzo Bernini;

- botanicals m'munda, chinthu chomera monga protagonist ndi maudindo ndi ntchito zosiyanasiyana monga, mwachitsanzo, "tulipomania" kapena kuyambitsa zomera zachilendo komanso kutchuka kwa sayansi ya botanical.

Kuchititsa chidwi kwachiwonetserochi ndi chifukwa cha zojambulajambula zambiri zomwe zimawonetsedwa pamutu uliwonse wochititsa chidwi. Koma makamaka, zazikidwa pa kafukufuku wozama waukatswiri ndi wasayansi ndi zopereka zochokera kwa akatswiri audindo ndi akatswiri, zomwe zikupereka chithunzithunzi cha mbali ya cholowa chathu yomwe ili yofunika kwambiri panthawi ino m'mbiri ya anthu. Izi zili choncho chifukwa masiku ano, kuposa kale, mabungwewa akulimbikitsa ntchito zosamalira ndi kupititsa patsogolo minda yakale malinga ndi chikhalidwe chawo komanso kufunika kwake monga njira zothandizira anthu, chifukwa cha kuyika ndalama zogulira minda yawo. kubwezeretsa ndi kasamalidwe. Mofananamo, kufunika kwa maphunziro achindunji, olunjika pakugwirizana kumeneku kukuzindikirikanso mofala.

Ndi chothandizira ichi ku chidziwitso chomwe chimaperekedwa zikomo (komanso) ku chithumwa cha malo opanda wina ngati Reggia di Caserta, tikufuna kulimbikitsa kuzindikira kufunikira ndi kufunikira kwa cholowa ichi, chosalimba monga chamtengo wapatali, kotero kuti mochititsa chidwi komanso mochititsa chidwi kwambiri, chimakwirira chotulukapo cha kuyanjana kwa munthu ndi chilengedwe.

Chiwonetserochi chimatipatsanso mwayi woyesera ukadaulo wamakono chifukwa cha mnzathu waukadaulo a Kainon Foundation, ndikumanganso gawo loyamba la dimba lopangidwa ndi Luigi Vanvitelli mu Chidziwitso Chodziwika cha Zojambula komanso zizindikiro zopumira za ojambula amakono momasuka. kumasulira ganizo la munda wa Munda kuti ndi Paradiso wotheka.

Chiwonetserochi, chokonzedwa ndi Museo Della Reggia di Caserta molumikizana ndi Opera Laboratori, amapindula ndi bungwe lodziwika bwino la alangizi apadziko lonse lapansi komanso thandizo lofunikira la Orti Botanici di Napoli e Portici.

Chochitikacho chimapangidwa mogwirizana ndi Camera di Commercio di Caserta komanso mothandizidwa ndi Amici della Reggia di Caserta, Colonnese & Friends, Associazione Parchi e Giardini d'Italia, Grandi Giardini Italiani ndi European Route of Historic gardens.

Ponena za wolemba

Mario Masciullo - eTN Italy

Mario ndi msirikali wakale pamsika wamaulendo.
Zomwe adakumana nazo zimafalikira padziko lonse lapansi kuyambira 1960 pomwe ali ndi zaka 21 adayamba kuyendera Japan, Hong Kong, ndi Thailand.
Mario wawona World Tourism ikukula mpaka pano ndikuwona
Kuwonongeka kwa mizu / umboni wam'mbuyomu wamayiko ambiri mokomera ukadaulo / kupita patsogolo.
Pazaka 20 zapitazi zoyendera za Mario zakhazikika ku South East Asia ndipo mochedwa kuphatikizanso Indian Sub Continent.

Chimodzi mwazomwe Mario adakumana nazo ndikuphatikizapo zochitika zingapo mu Civil Aviation
munda unamaliza atakonza kik kuchokera ku Malaysia Singapore Airlines ku Italy ngati Institutor ndikupitiliza kwa zaka 16 ngati Wogulitsa / Kutsatsa Italy ku Singapore Airlines atagawanika maboma awiriwa mu Okutobala 1972.

Chilolezo chovomerezeka cha Mario wolemba nkhani ndi a "National Order of Journalists Rome, Italy ku 1977.

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